Background: The diagnosis of COPD is based on both clinical signs and functional tests. Although there are different functional tests used to assess COPD, no reliable biomarkers able to provide information on pathogenesis and severity are available. The aim of the present study is to explore the relationship between surfactant protein B (Sp-B) serum levels and clinical, radiological, and functional pulmonary parameters in COPD patients. Methods: Forty COPD patients and twenty smokers without airflow limitations or respiratory symptoms were enrolled. Each patient was given questionnaires (CAT and mMRC) and 6MWT, spirometry, DLCO, and computer tomography (CT) were performed. All participants underwent a venous blood sample drawing, and quantitative detection of their Sp-B plasma levels was performed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The spirometry and Sp-B plasma levels were assessed after 12 months. Results: A statistically significant difference was found in the plasma Sp-B levels between COPD patients compared to the other group (4.72 + 3.2 ng/mL vs. 1.78 + 1.5 ng/mL; p < 0.001). The change in FEV1 after 12 months (Delta FEV1) showed a significantly negative correlation with respect to the change in Sp-B levels (Delta SpB) (r = -0.4; p < 0.05). This correlation indicates that increasing the plasma dosage of SpB is a foretoken of functional decline. Conclusions: SpB may be considered as a useful marker in COPD assessment and provides prognostic information on lung functional decline. Despite its usefulness, further studies are needed to define its reliability as a biomarker.

Surfactant Protein B Plasma Levels. Reliability as a Biomarker in COPD Patients / D'Ascanio, Michela; Viccaro, Fausta; Pizzirusso, Dario; Guerrieri, Giulio; Pagliuca, Alessandra; Guerrini, Simone; Innammorato, Marta; De Vitis, Claudia; Raffa, Salvatore; Pezzuto, Aldo; Ricci, Alberto. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 11:1(2023), pp. 1-9. [10.3390/biomedicines11010124]

Surfactant Protein B Plasma Levels. Reliability as a Biomarker in COPD Patients

D'Ascanio, Michela
;
Viccaro, Fausta;Pizzirusso, Dario;Guerrieri, Giulio;Pagliuca, Alessandra;Guerrini, Simone;Innammorato, Marta;De Vitis, Claudia;Raffa, Salvatore;Ricci, Alberto
2023

Abstract

Background: The diagnosis of COPD is based on both clinical signs and functional tests. Although there are different functional tests used to assess COPD, no reliable biomarkers able to provide information on pathogenesis and severity are available. The aim of the present study is to explore the relationship between surfactant protein B (Sp-B) serum levels and clinical, radiological, and functional pulmonary parameters in COPD patients. Methods: Forty COPD patients and twenty smokers without airflow limitations or respiratory symptoms were enrolled. Each patient was given questionnaires (CAT and mMRC) and 6MWT, spirometry, DLCO, and computer tomography (CT) were performed. All participants underwent a venous blood sample drawing, and quantitative detection of their Sp-B plasma levels was performed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The spirometry and Sp-B plasma levels were assessed after 12 months. Results: A statistically significant difference was found in the plasma Sp-B levels between COPD patients compared to the other group (4.72 + 3.2 ng/mL vs. 1.78 + 1.5 ng/mL; p < 0.001). The change in FEV1 after 12 months (Delta FEV1) showed a significantly negative correlation with respect to the change in Sp-B levels (Delta SpB) (r = -0.4; p < 0.05). This correlation indicates that increasing the plasma dosage of SpB is a foretoken of functional decline. Conclusions: SpB may be considered as a useful marker in COPD assessment and provides prognostic information on lung functional decline. Despite its usefulness, further studies are needed to define its reliability as a biomarker.
2023
copd; fev1; surfactant protein b
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Surfactant Protein B Plasma Levels. Reliability as a Biomarker in COPD Patients / D'Ascanio, Michela; Viccaro, Fausta; Pizzirusso, Dario; Guerrieri, Giulio; Pagliuca, Alessandra; Guerrini, Simone; Innammorato, Marta; De Vitis, Claudia; Raffa, Salvatore; Pezzuto, Aldo; Ricci, Alberto. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 11:1(2023), pp. 1-9. [10.3390/biomedicines11010124]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1666847
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