The incessant overcrowding of the space around the Earth with new operative satellites is a critical issue in the Space Traffic Management (STM) framework, especially in last years with the beginning of the new space economy. The operative life of the active satellites is seriously endangered by the numerous uncontrolled objects, i.e., the space debris, which populate the outer space. The consequence of an impact between these objects may be catastrophic, as proved by the events in the recent past. In this context, the in-orbit explosions both of dismissed satellites and rockets stages are one of the main causes of space debris generation. For this reason, a suitable observation and detection strategy of the fragments generated by these events is necessary, e.g., by means of optical systems. In this work, the Sapienza Space Systems and Space Surveillance Laboratory (S5Lab) shows the results, by means of a graphical method, of the short-term analysis of the in-orbit explosions that involved the third stage of the Russian rocket FREGAT-SB and the fragmentation of the military Chinese satellite YUNHAI 1–02. In order to approach the study of a fragmentation event, an observation strategy and an analysis method have been developed. The research of fragments was focused on the orbital plane leading to estimation of fragments’ number and their distribution. The measurements obtained through the images were analyzed in order to understand if the objects present in the images are either included in the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) catalogue or not. The unknowns could be fragments. The next analysis follows the hypothesis of the isotropic explosion confined only on the tangential impulses. In first approximation, only semi-major axis and eccentricity change due to the impulse. Therefore, it is possible to generate a new Two-Line Elements (TLE) for each fragment leading to an association between the impulses and the affected TLEs. A new, simple, and fast analysis method was developed, specifically to improve the impulse association. It consists in a graphical method where it is possible to see the distribution of the fragments with respect to the original body using the angular distance trend between them.

A graphical method for the analysis of a satellite’s in-orbit breakup through optical observations / Zarcone, G.; Rossetti, M.; Hadji Hossein, S.; Piergentili, F.. - In: ADVANCES IN SPACE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0273-1177. - 70:4(2022), pp. 1048-1061. [10.1016/j.asr.2022.05.032]

A graphical method for the analysis of a satellite’s in-orbit breakup through optical observations

G. Zarcone
;
M. Rossetti;S. Hadji Hossein;F. Piergentili
2022

Abstract

The incessant overcrowding of the space around the Earth with new operative satellites is a critical issue in the Space Traffic Management (STM) framework, especially in last years with the beginning of the new space economy. The operative life of the active satellites is seriously endangered by the numerous uncontrolled objects, i.e., the space debris, which populate the outer space. The consequence of an impact between these objects may be catastrophic, as proved by the events in the recent past. In this context, the in-orbit explosions both of dismissed satellites and rockets stages are one of the main causes of space debris generation. For this reason, a suitable observation and detection strategy of the fragments generated by these events is necessary, e.g., by means of optical systems. In this work, the Sapienza Space Systems and Space Surveillance Laboratory (S5Lab) shows the results, by means of a graphical method, of the short-term analysis of the in-orbit explosions that involved the third stage of the Russian rocket FREGAT-SB and the fragmentation of the military Chinese satellite YUNHAI 1–02. In order to approach the study of a fragmentation event, an observation strategy and an analysis method have been developed. The research of fragments was focused on the orbital plane leading to estimation of fragments’ number and their distribution. The measurements obtained through the images were analyzed in order to understand if the objects present in the images are either included in the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) catalogue or not. The unknowns could be fragments. The next analysis follows the hypothesis of the isotropic explosion confined only on the tangential impulses. In first approximation, only semi-major axis and eccentricity change due to the impulse. Therefore, it is possible to generate a new Two-Line Elements (TLE) for each fragment leading to an association between the impulses and the affected TLEs. A new, simple, and fast analysis method was developed, specifically to improve the impulse association. It consists in a graphical method where it is possible to see the distribution of the fragments with respect to the original body using the angular distance trend between them.
2022
space debris; SSA; SST; STM; satellite optical observations
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
A graphical method for the analysis of a satellite’s in-orbit breakup through optical observations / Zarcone, G.; Rossetti, M.; Hadji Hossein, S.; Piergentili, F.. - In: ADVANCES IN SPACE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0273-1177. - 70:4(2022), pp. 1048-1061. [10.1016/j.asr.2022.05.032]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Zarcone_a-graphical_2022.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 3.2 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.2 MB Adobe PDF   Contatta l'autore

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1666103
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 9
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact