The interactions between the age at onset with other pathogenic mechanisms and the interplays between the disease progression and the aging processes in Parkinson’s disease (PD) remain undefined, particularly during the first years of illness. Here, we retrospectively investigated the clinical presentation and evolution of the motor and non-motor symptoms and treatment-related complications during the first 5 years of illness in subjects categorized according to age at onset. A total of 131 subjects were divided into “Early-Onset-PD” (EOPD; onset ≤49 years), “Middle-Onset-PD” (MOPD; onset 50–69 years) and “Late-Onset-PD” (LOPD; onset ≥70 years). The T0 visit was set at the time of the clinical diagnosis; the T1 visit was 5 years (±5 months) later. At T0, there were no significant differences in the motor features among the groups. At T1, the LOPD patients displayed a significantly higher frequency of gait disturbances and a higher frequency of postural instability. Moreover, at T1, the LOPD subjects reported a significantly higher frequency of non-motor symptoms; in particular, cardiovascular, cognitive and neuropsychiatric domains. The presented results showed a significantly different progression of motor and non-motor symptoms in the early course of PD according to the age at onset. These findings contribute to the definition of the role of age at onset on disease progression and may be useful for the pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of PD.

Age at Onset Influences Progression of Motor and Non-Motor Symptoms during the Early Stage of Parkinson’s Disease: A Monocentric Retrospective Study / De Carolis, Lanfranco; Galli, Silvia; Bianchini, Edoardo; Rinaldi, Domiziana; Raju, Manikandan; Caliò, Bianca; Alborghetti, Marika; Pontieri, Francesco E.. - In: BRAIN SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3425. - 13:2(2023), p. 157. [10.3390/brainsci13020157]

Age at Onset Influences Progression of Motor and Non-Motor Symptoms during the Early Stage of Parkinson’s Disease: A Monocentric Retrospective Study

De Carolis, Lanfranco
Primo
;
Galli, Silvia;Bianchini, Edoardo;Rinaldi, Domiziana;Raju, Manikandan;Alborghetti, Marika;Pontieri, Francesco E.
2023

Abstract

The interactions between the age at onset with other pathogenic mechanisms and the interplays between the disease progression and the aging processes in Parkinson’s disease (PD) remain undefined, particularly during the first years of illness. Here, we retrospectively investigated the clinical presentation and evolution of the motor and non-motor symptoms and treatment-related complications during the first 5 years of illness in subjects categorized according to age at onset. A total of 131 subjects were divided into “Early-Onset-PD” (EOPD; onset ≤49 years), “Middle-Onset-PD” (MOPD; onset 50–69 years) and “Late-Onset-PD” (LOPD; onset ≥70 years). The T0 visit was set at the time of the clinical diagnosis; the T1 visit was 5 years (±5 months) later. At T0, there were no significant differences in the motor features among the groups. At T1, the LOPD patients displayed a significantly higher frequency of gait disturbances and a higher frequency of postural instability. Moreover, at T1, the LOPD subjects reported a significantly higher frequency of non-motor symptoms; in particular, cardiovascular, cognitive and neuropsychiatric domains. The presented results showed a significantly different progression of motor and non-motor symptoms in the early course of PD according to the age at onset. These findings contribute to the definition of the role of age at onset on disease progression and may be useful for the pharmacological and non-pharmacological management of PD.
2023
age at onset; motor symptoms; non-motor symptoms; Late-Onset; Middle-Onset; Early-Onset; Parkinson’s disease
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Age at Onset Influences Progression of Motor and Non-Motor Symptoms during the Early Stage of Parkinson’s Disease: A Monocentric Retrospective Study / De Carolis, Lanfranco; Galli, Silvia; Bianchini, Edoardo; Rinaldi, Domiziana; Raju, Manikandan; Caliò, Bianca; Alborghetti, Marika; Pontieri, Francesco E.. - In: BRAIN SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3425. - 13:2(2023), p. 157. [10.3390/brainsci13020157]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1664957
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