Up to now, fiber-reinforced composites with thermoplastic matrix have seen limited fields of use in the structural scope due to their high viscosity in the molten state, which results in poor impregnability of the reinforcement, leading to mechanical properties of the finished product that are not comparable to those of thermosets. Although the latter still dominate the various sectors of automotive, aerospace, transportation and construction, new applications involving the production of thermoplastic composites are growing rapidly, offering new approaches to the solution of this problem. The aim of this work is to study and evaluate the state of the art on the manufacturing processes of thermoplastic matrix composite, analyzing the parameters that come into play and that most influence the process and material performance. The advantages of film stacking and powder impregnation techniques are contrasted by the versatility of hybrid fabrics and, at the same time, parameters such as pressure and temperature must be carefully considered. A description of different thermoplastic composite processes such as powder impregnation, film stacking molding, hybrid woven fabric, hybrid yarn and products follows, which represent the current possibilities to move from a thermosetting matrix composite to a thermoplastic one, upon which the concept of sustainability is based. This article wants to present an overview of research that has been done in manufacturing thermoplastic reinforced composites and will serve as a baseline and aid for further research and development efforts.

Different production processes for thermoplastic composite materials. Sustainability versus mechanical properties and processes parameter / Valente, Marco; Rossitti, Ilaria; Sambucci, Matteo. - In: POLYMERS. - ISSN 2073-4360. - 15:1(2023). [10.3390/polym15010242]

Different production processes for thermoplastic composite materials. Sustainability versus mechanical properties and processes parameter

Marco Valente
;
Ilaria Rossitti;Matteo Sambucci
2023

Abstract

Up to now, fiber-reinforced composites with thermoplastic matrix have seen limited fields of use in the structural scope due to their high viscosity in the molten state, which results in poor impregnability of the reinforcement, leading to mechanical properties of the finished product that are not comparable to those of thermosets. Although the latter still dominate the various sectors of automotive, aerospace, transportation and construction, new applications involving the production of thermoplastic composites are growing rapidly, offering new approaches to the solution of this problem. The aim of this work is to study and evaluate the state of the art on the manufacturing processes of thermoplastic matrix composite, analyzing the parameters that come into play and that most influence the process and material performance. The advantages of film stacking and powder impregnation techniques are contrasted by the versatility of hybrid fabrics and, at the same time, parameters such as pressure and temperature must be carefully considered. A description of different thermoplastic composite processes such as powder impregnation, film stacking molding, hybrid woven fabric, hybrid yarn and products follows, which represent the current possibilities to move from a thermosetting matrix composite to a thermoplastic one, upon which the concept of sustainability is based. This article wants to present an overview of research that has been done in manufacturing thermoplastic reinforced composites and will serve as a baseline and aid for further research and development efforts.
2023
thermoplastic matrix composites; impregnation processes; manufacturing; fiber reinforced; processing
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Different production processes for thermoplastic composite materials. Sustainability versus mechanical properties and processes parameter / Valente, Marco; Rossitti, Ilaria; Sambucci, Matteo. - In: POLYMERS. - ISSN 2073-4360. - 15:1(2023). [10.3390/polym15010242]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1664609
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