The effectiveness of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) production with mixed microbial cultures (MMC) largely depends on the selection of PHA-storing microorganisms, conventionally performed in sequencing batch reactors (SBR). These, although easily allow the establishment of the required feast and famine (FF) regime, can represent a factor of cost increase when the process is scaled up. Here, a novel continuous-flow process for MMC selection under FF conditions has been developed by using two sequentially operated reactors. The feast reactor, having a tubular configuration, was continuously fed with a synthetic mixture of acetic and propionic acids (at an organic loading rate of 2.12 gCOD/L d) and the effluent of this reactor was in part sent to the CSTR famine reactor. The recirculation factor (RC), that is the ratio between the recirculation flow rate and the feeding flow rate to the feast reactor, was the main parameter investigated. Four different runs were performed with the RC varying from 1 to 8 and the increase in its value caused a decrease of the biomass residence time in each reactor. The intracellular PHA content in the feast reactor almost linearly increased up to RC 4 (with a value of 34 ± 2 %, wt/wt) and dropped at the RC 8 condition that, however, showed the maximum PHA content (58 ± 5 %, wt/wt) during the accumulation tests. Indeed, the relative abundance of sequences affiliated with putative PHA-storing bacteria increased up to 90.5 % at RC 8 and were dominated by members of the Alphaproteobacteria class mostly represented by the genus Meganema (74 %).

Recirculation factor as a key parameter in continuous-flow biomass selection for polyhydroxyalkanoates production / Tayou Nguemna, Lionel; Marzulli, Flavia; Scopetti, Federico; Lorini, Laura; Lauri, Roberto; Pietrangeli, Biancamaria; Crognale, Simona; Rossetti, Simona; Majone, Mauro; Villano, Marianna. - In: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL. - ISSN 1385-8947. - 455:(2023). [10.1016/j.cej.2022.140208]

Recirculation factor as a key parameter in continuous-flow biomass selection for polyhydroxyalkanoates production

Tayou Nguemna, Lionel
Primo
;
Marzulli, Flavia
Secondo
;
Scopetti, Federico;Lorini, Laura;Lauri, Roberto;Pietrangeli, Biancamaria;Rossetti, Simona;Majone, Mauro
Penultimo
;
Villano, Marianna
Ultimo
2023

Abstract

The effectiveness of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) production with mixed microbial cultures (MMC) largely depends on the selection of PHA-storing microorganisms, conventionally performed in sequencing batch reactors (SBR). These, although easily allow the establishment of the required feast and famine (FF) regime, can represent a factor of cost increase when the process is scaled up. Here, a novel continuous-flow process for MMC selection under FF conditions has been developed by using two sequentially operated reactors. The feast reactor, having a tubular configuration, was continuously fed with a synthetic mixture of acetic and propionic acids (at an organic loading rate of 2.12 gCOD/L d) and the effluent of this reactor was in part sent to the CSTR famine reactor. The recirculation factor (RC), that is the ratio between the recirculation flow rate and the feeding flow rate to the feast reactor, was the main parameter investigated. Four different runs were performed with the RC varying from 1 to 8 and the increase in its value caused a decrease of the biomass residence time in each reactor. The intracellular PHA content in the feast reactor almost linearly increased up to RC 4 (with a value of 34 ± 2 %, wt/wt) and dropped at the RC 8 condition that, however, showed the maximum PHA content (58 ± 5 %, wt/wt) during the accumulation tests. Indeed, the relative abundance of sequences affiliated with putative PHA-storing bacteria increased up to 90.5 % at RC 8 and were dominated by members of the Alphaproteobacteria class mostly represented by the genus Meganema (74 %).
2023
polyhydroxyalkanoates; Mixed Microbial Cultures; continuous feeding; feast and famine reactors; recirculation factor; Fluorescence In Situ Hybridization (FISH)
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Recirculation factor as a key parameter in continuous-flow biomass selection for polyhydroxyalkanoates production / Tayou Nguemna, Lionel; Marzulli, Flavia; Scopetti, Federico; Lorini, Laura; Lauri, Roberto; Pietrangeli, Biancamaria; Crognale, Simona; Rossetti, Simona; Majone, Mauro; Villano, Marianna. - In: CHEMICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL. - ISSN 1385-8947. - 455:(2023). [10.1016/j.cej.2022.140208]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1664491
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