We perform direct numerical simulation of supersonic turbulent channel flow over cubical roughness elements, spanning bulk Mach numbers -, both in the transitional and fully rough regime. We propose a novel definition of roughness Reynolds number which is able to account for the viscosity variations at the roughness crest and should be used to compare rough-wall flows across different Mach numbers. As in the incompressible flow regime, the mean velocity profile shows a downward shift with respect to the baseline smooth wall cases, however, the magnitude of this velocity deficit is largely affected by the Mach number. Compressibility transformations are able to account for this effect, and data show a very good agreement with the incompressible fully rough asymptote, when the relevant roughness Reynolds number is used. Velocity statistics present outer layer similarity with the equivalent smooth wall cases, however, this does not hold for the thermal field, which is substantially affected by the roughness, even in the channel core. We show that this is a direct consequence of the quadratic temperature-velocity relation which is also valid for rough walls. Analysis of the heat transfer shows that the relative drag increase is always larger than the relative heat transfer enhancement, however, increasing the Mach number brings data closer to the Reynolds analogy line due to the rising relevance of the aerodynamic heating.

Direct numerical simulation of supersonic turbulent flows over rough surfaces / Modesti, D.; Sathyanarayana, S.; Salvadore, F.; Bernardini, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS. - ISSN 0022-1120. - 942:(2022). [10.1017/jfm.2022.393]

Direct numerical simulation of supersonic turbulent flows over rough surfaces

Modesti D.
;
Salvadore F.;Bernardini M.
2022

Abstract

We perform direct numerical simulation of supersonic turbulent channel flow over cubical roughness elements, spanning bulk Mach numbers -, both in the transitional and fully rough regime. We propose a novel definition of roughness Reynolds number which is able to account for the viscosity variations at the roughness crest and should be used to compare rough-wall flows across different Mach numbers. As in the incompressible flow regime, the mean velocity profile shows a downward shift with respect to the baseline smooth wall cases, however, the magnitude of this velocity deficit is largely affected by the Mach number. Compressibility transformations are able to account for this effect, and data show a very good agreement with the incompressible fully rough asymptote, when the relevant roughness Reynolds number is used. Velocity statistics present outer layer similarity with the equivalent smooth wall cases, however, this does not hold for the thermal field, which is substantially affected by the roughness, even in the channel core. We show that this is a direct consequence of the quadratic temperature-velocity relation which is also valid for rough walls. Analysis of the heat transfer shows that the relative drag increase is always larger than the relative heat transfer enhancement, however, increasing the Mach number brings data closer to the Reynolds analogy line due to the rising relevance of the aerodynamic heating.
2022
compressible turbulence; supersonic flow; turbulent boundary layers
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Direct numerical simulation of supersonic turbulent flows over rough surfaces / Modesti, D.; Sathyanarayana, S.; Salvadore, F.; Bernardini, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF FLUID MECHANICS. - ISSN 0022-1120. - 942:(2022). [10.1017/jfm.2022.393]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1661548
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