Introduction: Extensive research underlines the critical functions of androgens in females. Nevertheless, the precise mechanisms of their action are poorly understood. Here, we review the existing literature regarding the physiological role of androgens in women throughout life. Areas covered: Several studies show that androgen receptors (ARs) are broadly expressed in numerous female tissues. They are essential for many physiological processes, including reproductive, sexual, cardiovascular, bone, muscle, and brain health. They are also involved in adipose tissue and liver function. Androgen levels change with the menstrual cycle and decrease in the first decades of life, independently of menopause. Expert opinion: To date, studies are limited by including small numbers of women, the difficulty of dosing androgens, and their cyclical variations. In particular, whether androgens play any significant role in regulating the establishment of pregnancy is poorly understood. The neural functions of ARs have also been investigated less thoroughly, although it is expressed at high levels in brain structures. Moreover, the mechanism underlying the decline of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroe piandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) with age is unclear. Other factors, including estrogen’s effect on adrenal androgen production, reciprocal regulation of ARs, and non-classical effects of androgens, remain to be determined.

Revisiting the physiological role of androgens in women / Rosato, Elena; Sciarra, Francesca; Anastasiadou, Eleni; Lenzi, Andrea; Venneri, Mary Anna. - In: EXPERT REVIEW OF ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM. - ISSN 1744-8417. - 17:6(2022), pp. 547-561. [10.1080/17446651.2022.2144834]

Revisiting the physiological role of androgens in women

Rosato, Elena;Sciarra, Francesca;Anastasiadou, Eleni;Lenzi, Andrea;Venneri, Mary Anna
2022

Abstract

Introduction: Extensive research underlines the critical functions of androgens in females. Nevertheless, the precise mechanisms of their action are poorly understood. Here, we review the existing literature regarding the physiological role of androgens in women throughout life. Areas covered: Several studies show that androgen receptors (ARs) are broadly expressed in numerous female tissues. They are essential for many physiological processes, including reproductive, sexual, cardiovascular, bone, muscle, and brain health. They are also involved in adipose tissue and liver function. Androgen levels change with the menstrual cycle and decrease in the first decades of life, independently of menopause. Expert opinion: To date, studies are limited by including small numbers of women, the difficulty of dosing androgens, and their cyclical variations. In particular, whether androgens play any significant role in regulating the establishment of pregnancy is poorly understood. The neural functions of ARs have also been investigated less thoroughly, although it is expressed at high levels in brain structures. Moreover, the mechanism underlying the decline of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroe piandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) with age is unclear. Other factors, including estrogen’s effect on adrenal androgen production, reciprocal regulation of ARs, and non-classical effects of androgens, remain to be determined.
2022
androgens; female physiology; fertility; hormones regulation; reproduction
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Revisiting the physiological role of androgens in women / Rosato, Elena; Sciarra, Francesca; Anastasiadou, Eleni; Lenzi, Andrea; Venneri, Mary Anna. - In: EXPERT REVIEW OF ENDOCRINOLOGY & METABOLISM. - ISSN 1744-8417. - 17:6(2022), pp. 547-561. [10.1080/17446651.2022.2144834]
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Rosato_Revisiting-the-physiological-role-ofandrogens-inwomen_2022.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 3.05 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.05 MB Adobe PDF   Contatta l'autore

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1661469
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 3
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact