Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a heterogeneous disease, molecularly and anatomically, that develops in a multi-step process requiring the accumulation of several genetic or epigenetic mutations that lead to the gradual transformation of normal mucosa into cancer. In fact, tumorigenesis is extremely complex, with many immunologic and non-immunologic factors present in the tumor microenvironment that can influence tumorigenesis. In the last few years, a role for mast cells (MCs), microRNAs (miRNAs), Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS) and v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homologue B (BRAF) in cancer development and progression has been suggested, and numerous efforts have been made to thoroughly assess their correlation with CRC to improve patient survival and quality of life. The identification of easily measurable, non-invasive and cost-effective biomarkers, the so-called “ideal biomarkers”, for CRC screening and treatment remains a high priority. The aim of this review is to discuss the emerging role of mast cells (MCs), microRNAs (miRNAs), KRAS and BRAF as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for CRC, evaluating their influence as potential therapy targets in the forthcoming era of precision medicine.

Mast cells, microRNAs and others: The role of translational research on colorectal cancer in the forthcoming era of precision medicine / Sammarco, G.; Gallo, G.; Vescio, G.; Picciariello, A.; De Paola, G.; Trompetto, M.; Curro, G.; Ammendola, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 9:9(2020). [10.3390/jcm9092852]

Mast cells, microRNAs and others: The role of translational research on colorectal cancer in the forthcoming era of precision medicine

Gallo G.
Co-primo
;
2020

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a heterogeneous disease, molecularly and anatomically, that develops in a multi-step process requiring the accumulation of several genetic or epigenetic mutations that lead to the gradual transformation of normal mucosa into cancer. In fact, tumorigenesis is extremely complex, with many immunologic and non-immunologic factors present in the tumor microenvironment that can influence tumorigenesis. In the last few years, a role for mast cells (MCs), microRNAs (miRNAs), Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS) and v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homologue B (BRAF) in cancer development and progression has been suggested, and numerous efforts have been made to thoroughly assess their correlation with CRC to improve patient survival and quality of life. The identification of easily measurable, non-invasive and cost-effective biomarkers, the so-called “ideal biomarkers”, for CRC screening and treatment remains a high priority. The aim of this review is to discuss the emerging role of mast cells (MCs), microRNAs (miRNAs), KRAS and BRAF as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for CRC, evaluating their influence as potential therapy targets in the forthcoming era of precision medicine.
2020
BRAF; colorectal cancer; KRAS; mast cells; microRNAs; precision medicine; translational research
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Mast cells, microRNAs and others: The role of translational research on colorectal cancer in the forthcoming era of precision medicine / Sammarco, G.; Gallo, G.; Vescio, G.; Picciariello, A.; De Paola, G.; Trompetto, M.; Curro, G.; Ammendola, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 9:9(2020). [10.3390/jcm9092852]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1661103
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