Abstract Backgrounds: Individuals with chronic medical conditions are considered highly exposed to COVID-19 pandemic stress, but emerging evidence is demonstrating that resilience is common even among them. We aimed at identifying sustained resilient outcomes and their predictors in chronically ill people during the frst year of the pandemic. Methods: This international 4-wave 1-year longitudinal online survey included items on socio-demographic charac‑ teristics, economic and living situation, lifestyle and habits, pandemic-related issues, and history of mental disorders. Adherence to and approval of imposed restrictions, trust in governments and in scientifc community during the pandemic were also investigated. The following tools were administered: the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Gen‑ eralized Anxiety Disorder scale, the PTSD Checklist DSM-5, the Oslo Social Support Scale, the Padua Inventory, and the Portrait Values Questionnaire. Results: One thousand ffty-two individuals reporting a chronic condition out of 8011 total participants from 13 countries were included in the study, and 965 had data available for the fnal model. The estimated probability of being “sustained-resilient” was 34%. Older male individuals, participants employed before and during the pandemic or with perceived social support were more likely to belong to the sustained-resilience group. Loneliness, a previous mental disorder, high hedonism, fear of COVID-19 contamination, concern for the health of loved ones, and nonapproving pandemic restrictions were predictors of not-resilient outcomes in our sample. Conclusions: We found similarities and diferences from established predictors of resilience and identifed some new ones specifc to pandemics. Further investigation is warranted and could inform the design of resilience-building interventions in people with chronic diseases.

Resilience of people with chronic medical conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic: a 1-year longitudinal prospective survey / Tarsitani, L.; Pinucci, I.; Tedeschi, F.; Patane, M.; Papola, D.; Palantza, C.; Acarturk, C.; Bjorkenstam, E.; Bryant, R.; Burchert, S.; Davisse-Paturet, C.; Diaz-Garcia, A.; Farrel, R.; Fuhr, D. C.; Hall, B. J.; Huizink, A. C.; Lam, A. I. F.; Kurt, G.; Leijen, I.; Mittendorfer-Rutz, E.; Morina, N.; Panter-Brick, C.; Purba, F. D.; Quero, S.; Seedat, S.; Setyowibowo, H.; van der Waerden, J.; Pasquini, M.; Sijbrandij, M.; Barbui, C.. - In: BMC PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 1471-244X. - 22:1(2022). [10.1186/s12888-022-04265-8]

Resilience of people with chronic medical conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic: a 1-year longitudinal prospective survey

Tarsitani L.
;
Pinucci I.;Pasquini M.;
2022

Abstract

Abstract Backgrounds: Individuals with chronic medical conditions are considered highly exposed to COVID-19 pandemic stress, but emerging evidence is demonstrating that resilience is common even among them. We aimed at identifying sustained resilient outcomes and their predictors in chronically ill people during the frst year of the pandemic. Methods: This international 4-wave 1-year longitudinal online survey included items on socio-demographic charac‑ teristics, economic and living situation, lifestyle and habits, pandemic-related issues, and history of mental disorders. Adherence to and approval of imposed restrictions, trust in governments and in scientifc community during the pandemic were also investigated. The following tools were administered: the Patient Health Questionnaire, the Gen‑ eralized Anxiety Disorder scale, the PTSD Checklist DSM-5, the Oslo Social Support Scale, the Padua Inventory, and the Portrait Values Questionnaire. Results: One thousand ffty-two individuals reporting a chronic condition out of 8011 total participants from 13 countries were included in the study, and 965 had data available for the fnal model. The estimated probability of being “sustained-resilient” was 34%. Older male individuals, participants employed before and during the pandemic or with perceived social support were more likely to belong to the sustained-resilience group. Loneliness, a previous mental disorder, high hedonism, fear of COVID-19 contamination, concern for the health of loved ones, and nonapproving pandemic restrictions were predictors of not-resilient outcomes in our sample. Conclusions: We found similarities and diferences from established predictors of resilience and identifed some new ones specifc to pandemics. Further investigation is warranted and could inform the design of resilience-building interventions in people with chronic diseases.
2022
Resilience; COVID-19 pandemic; Chronic medical conditions; Stress
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Resilience of people with chronic medical conditions during the COVID-19 pandemic: a 1-year longitudinal prospective survey / Tarsitani, L.; Pinucci, I.; Tedeschi, F.; Patane, M.; Papola, D.; Palantza, C.; Acarturk, C.; Bjorkenstam, E.; Bryant, R.; Burchert, S.; Davisse-Paturet, C.; Diaz-Garcia, A.; Farrel, R.; Fuhr, D. C.; Hall, B. J.; Huizink, A. C.; Lam, A. I. F.; Kurt, G.; Leijen, I.; Mittendorfer-Rutz, E.; Morina, N.; Panter-Brick, C.; Purba, F. D.; Quero, S.; Seedat, S.; Setyowibowo, H.; van der Waerden, J.; Pasquini, M.; Sijbrandij, M.; Barbui, C.. - In: BMC PSYCHIATRY. - ISSN 1471-244X. - 22:1(2022). [10.1186/s12888-022-04265-8]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1660732
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