Intracoronary angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors have been shown to relieve myocardial ischemia in stable patients and to improve epicardial flow in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Yet, it is still unclear whether these effects are mediated by a modulation of the coronary microcirculation. Methods We randomly assigned 40 patients to receive either an intracoronary bolus of enalaprilat (50 g) or placebo before elective PCI. The index of microvascular resistance was measured at baseline, 10 minutes after study drug administration, and after PCI. High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T was measured as a marker of myocardial injury. Results Infusion of enalaprilat resulted in a significant reduction in index of microvascular resistance (27 11 at baseline vs. 19 9 after drug vs. 15 8 after PCI), whereas a significant post-procedural increase in index of microvascular resistance levels was observed in the placebo group (24 15 at baseline vs. 24 15 after drug vs. 33 19 after PCI). Index of microvascular resistance levels after PCI were significantly lower in the enalaprilat group (p 0.001). Patients pre-treated with enalaprilat also showed lower peak values (mean: 21.7 ng/ml, range: 8.2 to 34.8 ng/ml vs. mean: 32.3 ng/ml, range: 12.6 to 65.2 ng/ml, p 0.048) and peri-procedural increases of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (mean: 9.9 ng/ml, range: 2.7 to 19.0 ng/ml vs. mean: 26.6 ng/ml, range: 6.3 to 60.5 ng/ml, p 0.025). Conclusions Intracoronary enalaprilat improves coronary microvascular function and protects myocardium from procedurerelated injury in patients with coronary artery disease undergoing PCI. Larger studies are warranted to investigate whether these effects of enalaprilat could result into a significant clinical benefit. (J Am Coll Cardiol 2013;61:615–21) © 2013 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation

Intracoronary enalaprilat to reduce microvascular damage during percutaneous coronary intervention (ProMicro) study / Mangiacapra, F; Peace, Aj; Di Serafino, L; Pyxaras, Sa; Bartunek, J; Wyffels, E; Heyndrickx, Gr; Wijns, W; De Bruyne, B; Barbato, Emanuele. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0735-1097. - 61:6(2013), pp. 615-621. [10.1016/j.jacc.2012.11.025]

Intracoronary enalaprilat to reduce microvascular damage during percutaneous coronary intervention (ProMicro) study

BARBATO, EMANUELE
2013

Abstract

Intracoronary angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors have been shown to relieve myocardial ischemia in stable patients and to improve epicardial flow in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Yet, it is still unclear whether these effects are mediated by a modulation of the coronary microcirculation. Methods We randomly assigned 40 patients to receive either an intracoronary bolus of enalaprilat (50 g) or placebo before elective PCI. The index of microvascular resistance was measured at baseline, 10 minutes after study drug administration, and after PCI. High-sensitivity cardiac troponin T was measured as a marker of myocardial injury. Results Infusion of enalaprilat resulted in a significant reduction in index of microvascular resistance (27 11 at baseline vs. 19 9 after drug vs. 15 8 after PCI), whereas a significant post-procedural increase in index of microvascular resistance levels was observed in the placebo group (24 15 at baseline vs. 24 15 after drug vs. 33 19 after PCI). Index of microvascular resistance levels after PCI were significantly lower in the enalaprilat group (p 0.001). Patients pre-treated with enalaprilat also showed lower peak values (mean: 21.7 ng/ml, range: 8.2 to 34.8 ng/ml vs. mean: 32.3 ng/ml, range: 12.6 to 65.2 ng/ml, p 0.048) and peri-procedural increases of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (mean: 9.9 ng/ml, range: 2.7 to 19.0 ng/ml vs. mean: 26.6 ng/ml, range: 6.3 to 60.5 ng/ml, p 0.025). Conclusions Intracoronary enalaprilat improves coronary microvascular function and protects myocardium from procedurerelated injury in patients with coronary artery disease undergoing PCI. Larger studies are warranted to investigate whether these effects of enalaprilat could result into a significant clinical benefit. (J Am Coll Cardiol 2013;61:615–21) © 2013 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1660472
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