Background: In the thrombolytic era, persistence of ST-segment elevation was considered a marker of left ventricular (LV) aneurysm. ST-segment elevation may still be found persistently raised after successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Echocardiographic correlates of this finding, however, are still poorly known. Methods and results: 82 consecutive patients with first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and successful PCI were divided into patients with persistent ST-segment elevation at discharge (sum of ST.4 mm) (n = 33) and those without persistent ST-segment elevation (n = 49). Conventional and myocardial contrast echocardiography were performed at discharge and at 6 months. At discharge, LV aneurysm was more common in patients with persistent ST elevation (27% vs 8%, p, 0.005). Similarly, the wall motion score index was higher (2.5 vs 2.0, p, 0.005) and microvascular damage larger (2.3 vs 1.8, p, 0.005) in patients with persistent ST-segment elevation. At 6 months' follow-up, LV volumes were similar in the two groups. Conclusions: After primary PCI, persistent ST-segment elevation is associated with LV aneurysm formation in 30% of cases, it is not associated with significantly larger LV dilatation but with larger microvascular damage and dysfunctioning risk area.

Functional and Structural Correlates of Persistent ST Elevation After Acute Myocardial Infarction Successfully Treated by PCI

GALIUTO L;
2007

Abstract

Background: In the thrombolytic era, persistence of ST-segment elevation was considered a marker of left ventricular (LV) aneurysm. ST-segment elevation may still be found persistently raised after successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Echocardiographic correlates of this finding, however, are still poorly known. Methods and results: 82 consecutive patients with first ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and successful PCI were divided into patients with persistent ST-segment elevation at discharge (sum of ST.4 mm) (n = 33) and those without persistent ST-segment elevation (n = 49). Conventional and myocardial contrast echocardiography were performed at discharge and at 6 months. At discharge, LV aneurysm was more common in patients with persistent ST elevation (27% vs 8%, p, 0.005). Similarly, the wall motion score index was higher (2.5 vs 2.0, p, 0.005) and microvascular damage larger (2.3 vs 1.8, p, 0.005) in patients with persistent ST-segment elevation. At 6 months' follow-up, LV volumes were similar in the two groups. Conclusions: After primary PCI, persistent ST-segment elevation is associated with LV aneurysm formation in 30% of cases, it is not associated with significantly larger LV dilatation but with larger microvascular damage and dysfunctioning risk area.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1659493
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