Left ventricular recovery of dysfunctioning but viable myocardium can occur only in tissue in which both myocardial contractile reserve and microvascular integrity are preserved. Recent studies have demonstrated that both inotropic stimulating echo tests and myocardial contrast echocardiography can be used to assess myocardial viability in post-myocardial infarction patients. Therefore we performed a transesophageal and myocardial contrast echocardiographic evaluation of post-myocardial infarction patients to assess: the respective accuracy of post-extrasystolic potentiation and low-dose dobutamine (5 and 10 mcg) during transesophageal echocardiography in eliciting contractile reserve, and the potential of myocardial contrast echocardiography in predicting later functional recovery. Results of our studies showed comparable effects of low-dose dobutamine (5 mcg) and post-extrasystolic potentiation in increasing myocardial thickening while low-dose dobutamine (10 mcg) had a greater potential in eliciting residual contractility. Lastly, myocardial contrast echocardiography provided a clear spectrum of intramyocardial perfusion patterns in dysfunctioning areas but did not accurately correlate with later functional recovery as better predicted by low-dose dobutamine in the same segments. In conclusion, these methods represent the preferred choice of studying the perfusion-contraction match in viable myocardium thus playing an important role in prognostic and therapeutic strategies in myocardial infarction patients

Assessment of viable myocardium after infarction with transesophageal echocardiography and myocardial echocontrastography

Galiuto, Leonarda;
1994

Abstract

Left ventricular recovery of dysfunctioning but viable myocardium can occur only in tissue in which both myocardial contractile reserve and microvascular integrity are preserved. Recent studies have demonstrated that both inotropic stimulating echo tests and myocardial contrast echocardiography can be used to assess myocardial viability in post-myocardial infarction patients. Therefore we performed a transesophageal and myocardial contrast echocardiographic evaluation of post-myocardial infarction patients to assess: the respective accuracy of post-extrasystolic potentiation and low-dose dobutamine (5 and 10 mcg) during transesophageal echocardiography in eliciting contractile reserve, and the potential of myocardial contrast echocardiography in predicting later functional recovery. Results of our studies showed comparable effects of low-dose dobutamine (5 mcg) and post-extrasystolic potentiation in increasing myocardial thickening while low-dose dobutamine (10 mcg) had a greater potential in eliciting residual contractility. Lastly, myocardial contrast echocardiography provided a clear spectrum of intramyocardial perfusion patterns in dysfunctioning areas but did not accurately correlate with later functional recovery as better predicted by low-dose dobutamine in the same segments. In conclusion, these methods represent the preferred choice of studying the perfusion-contraction match in viable myocardium thus playing an important role in prognostic and therapeutic strategies in myocardial infarction patients
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1659405
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