The development of new tools for the early detection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) represents an area of intense research. Recently, the concept has emerged that multiplexed detection of different signatures from a single biospecimen (e.g., saliva, blood, etc.) may exhibit better diagnostic capability than single biomarkers. In this work, we develop a multiplexed strategy for detecting PDAC by combining characterization of the nanoparticle (NP)-protein corona, i.e., the protein layer that surrounds NPs upon exposure to biological fluids and circulating levels of plasma proteins belonging to the acute phase protein (APPs) family. As a first step, we developed a nanoparticle-enabled blood (NEB) test that employed 600 nm graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets and human plasma (HP) (5% vol/vol) to produce 75 personalized protein coronas (25 from healthy subjects and 50 from PDAC patients). Isolation and characterization of protein corona patterns by 1-dimensional (1D) SDS-PAGE identified significant differences in the abundance of low-molecular-weight corona proteins (20–30 kDa) between healthy subjects and PDAC patients. Coupling the outcomes of the NEB test with the circulating levels of alpha 2 globulins, we detected PDAC with a global capacity of 83.3%. Notably, a version of the multiplexed detection strategy run on sex-disaggregated data provided substantially better classification accuracy for men (93.1% vs. 77.8%). Nanoliquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (nano-LC MS/MS) experiments allowed to correlate PDAC with an altered enrichment of Apolipoprotein A-I, Apolipoprotein D, Complement factor D, Alpha-1-antichymotrypsin and Alpha-1-antitrypsin in the personalized protein corona. Moreover, other significant changes in the protein corona of PDAC patients were found. Overall, the developed multiplexed strategy is a valid tool for PDAC detection and paves the way for the identification of new potential PDAC biomarkers.

Multiplexed detection of pancreatic cancer by combining a nanoparticle-enabled blood test and plasma levels of acute-phase proteins / Caputo, D.; Coppola, A.; Quagliarini, E.; Di Santo, R.; Capriotti, A. L.; Cammarata, R.; Lagana, A.; Papi, M.; Digiacomo, L.; Coppola, R.; Pozzi, D.; Caracciolo, G.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 14:19(2022). [10.3390/cancers14194658]

Multiplexed detection of pancreatic cancer by combining a nanoparticle-enabled blood test and plasma levels of acute-phase proteins

Coppola A.;Quagliarini E.;Di Santo R.;Capriotti A. L.;Cammarata R.;Lagana A.;Digiacomo L.;Pozzi D.
;
Caracciolo G.
2022

Abstract

The development of new tools for the early detection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) represents an area of intense research. Recently, the concept has emerged that multiplexed detection of different signatures from a single biospecimen (e.g., saliva, blood, etc.) may exhibit better diagnostic capability than single biomarkers. In this work, we develop a multiplexed strategy for detecting PDAC by combining characterization of the nanoparticle (NP)-protein corona, i.e., the protein layer that surrounds NPs upon exposure to biological fluids and circulating levels of plasma proteins belonging to the acute phase protein (APPs) family. As a first step, we developed a nanoparticle-enabled blood (NEB) test that employed 600 nm graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets and human plasma (HP) (5% vol/vol) to produce 75 personalized protein coronas (25 from healthy subjects and 50 from PDAC patients). Isolation and characterization of protein corona patterns by 1-dimensional (1D) SDS-PAGE identified significant differences in the abundance of low-molecular-weight corona proteins (20–30 kDa) between healthy subjects and PDAC patients. Coupling the outcomes of the NEB test with the circulating levels of alpha 2 globulins, we detected PDAC with a global capacity of 83.3%. Notably, a version of the multiplexed detection strategy run on sex-disaggregated data provided substantially better classification accuracy for men (93.1% vs. 77.8%). Nanoliquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (nano-LC MS/MS) experiments allowed to correlate PDAC with an altered enrichment of Apolipoprotein A-I, Apolipoprotein D, Complement factor D, Alpha-1-antichymotrypsin and Alpha-1-antitrypsin in the personalized protein corona. Moreover, other significant changes in the protein corona of PDAC patients were found. Overall, the developed multiplexed strategy is a valid tool for PDAC detection and paves the way for the identification of new potential PDAC biomarkers.
2022
acute phase proteins; biomarkers; electrophoresis; graphene oxide; inflammation; nanoparticles; nanotechnology; pancreatic cancer
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Multiplexed detection of pancreatic cancer by combining a nanoparticle-enabled blood test and plasma levels of acute-phase proteins / Caputo, D.; Coppola, A.; Quagliarini, E.; Di Santo, R.; Capriotti, A. L.; Cammarata, R.; Lagana, A.; Papi, M.; Digiacomo, L.; Coppola, R.; Pozzi, D.; Caracciolo, G.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 14:19(2022). [10.3390/cancers14194658]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1659100
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