Autobiographical memory includes a representation of personal life events with a unique spatiotemporal context (episodic autobiographical memory) and factual self-knowledge (personal semantics). Whereas "experience-far" personal semantics have undergone complete abstraction, "experience-near" personal semantics are still linked to a spatiotemporal context. The representation of one's own past involves an autobiographical knowledge base, in the form of a personal timeline, along which autobiographical information is temporally organized into different lifetime periods. Commonalities and differences between brain networks supporting this temporal organization for autobiographical information with different contextual specificity, however, have not been investigated to date. Here, we used task-based fMRI to assess neural substrates of temporal ordering along the personal timeline for real autobiographical episodic and experience-near personal semantic memories. Within a distributed network, the left calcarine cortex was more strongly activated for episodic autobiographical memory than personal semantics, whereas the left ventromedial pFC and right posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), angular gyrus (AG), and anterior middle temporal gyrus (aMTG) showed stronger activation for personal semantics than episodic autobiographical memory. Findings were confirmed by analyses in independently derived ROIs. Generalized psychophysiological interaction analyses between the same regions showed that, during personal semantics compared with episodic autobiographical memory, memory category modulated activity in the left PCC and right PCC, AG, and aMTG. Findings provide insights on how personal events and facts are represented in the timescale of years, suggesting that the temporal organization of autobiographical memory exploits properties of situation models developed within posteromedial, lateral parietal, and medial prefrontal regions.

Temporal organization of episodic and experience-near semantic autobiographical memories: neural correlates and context-dependent connectivity

Teghil, Alice
;
Bonavita, Alessia;Procida, Federica;Giove, Federico;Boccia, Maddalena
2022

Abstract

Autobiographical memory includes a representation of personal life events with a unique spatiotemporal context (episodic autobiographical memory) and factual self-knowledge (personal semantics). Whereas "experience-far" personal semantics have undergone complete abstraction, "experience-near" personal semantics are still linked to a spatiotemporal context. The representation of one's own past involves an autobiographical knowledge base, in the form of a personal timeline, along which autobiographical information is temporally organized into different lifetime periods. Commonalities and differences between brain networks supporting this temporal organization for autobiographical information with different contextual specificity, however, have not been investigated to date. Here, we used task-based fMRI to assess neural substrates of temporal ordering along the personal timeline for real autobiographical episodic and experience-near personal semantic memories. Within a distributed network, the left calcarine cortex was more strongly activated for episodic autobiographical memory than personal semantics, whereas the left ventromedial pFC and right posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), angular gyrus (AG), and anterior middle temporal gyrus (aMTG) showed stronger activation for personal semantics than episodic autobiographical memory. Findings were confirmed by analyses in independently derived ROIs. Generalized psychophysiological interaction analyses between the same regions showed that, during personal semantics compared with episodic autobiographical memory, memory category modulated activity in the left PCC and right PCC, AG, and aMTG. Findings provide insights on how personal events and facts are represented in the timescale of years, suggesting that the temporal organization of autobiographical memory exploits properties of situation models developed within posteromedial, lateral parietal, and medial prefrontal regions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1658846
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