The aim of this study was to develop smart materials with stimuli-responsive properties for the long-term protection of steel. The idea was to obtain a tailored and controlled release of protective agents in response to the environment stimuli. First, the protective efficacy of three inhibitors containing a carboxylic moiety, such as p-aminobenzoic (pAB), succinic (SA), and caffeic (CA) acids, was investigated in alkaline chloride solutions. The results revealed that pAB is the most effective protective agent, significantly better than SA and CA. It is surprising that the steel surface in the pAB solution remains unchanged even after 5 months of corrosion treatment, whereas the formation of degradation products in the SA and CA solutions was observed after only 6 days. Based on these findings, pAB was selected and used for the functionalization of silica nanoparticles and layered double hydroxides (LDHs) that can act as delivery vehicles and as an inhibitor reservoir. Specifically, pAB was chemisorbed on silica amino groups via an amide bond, and this makes possible a gradual inhibitor release induced by an alkaline environment. The intercalation of pAB in its anionic form into the LDHs structure is responsible for a completely different behavior since the release is induced by chloride ions and occurs by an anionic exchange reaction. Thus, these materials play a dual role by acting as an inhibitor reservoir and by capturing chlorides. These findings reveal that it is possible to create a reservoir of corrosion inhibitors gradually released on demand based on the chemical environment. The stimuli-responsive properties and the complementary protective action of inhibitor-loaded silica and LDHs make them attractive for the long-term protection of steel and open the way for innovative solutions in the preservation of concrete cultural heritage.

On-demand release of protective agents triggered by environmental stimuli / Giuliani, Chiara; Messina, Elena; Staccioli, MARIA PAOLA; Pascucci, Marianna; Riccucci, Cristina; Francesca Liotta, Leonarda; Tortora, Luca; Maria Ingo, Gabriel; Di Carlo, Gabriella. - In: FRONTIERS IN CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 2296-2646. - 8:(2020). [10.3389/fchem.2020.00304]

On-demand release of protective agents triggered by environmental stimuli

Elena Messina;Maria Paola Staccioli;
2020

Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop smart materials with stimuli-responsive properties for the long-term protection of steel. The idea was to obtain a tailored and controlled release of protective agents in response to the environment stimuli. First, the protective efficacy of three inhibitors containing a carboxylic moiety, such as p-aminobenzoic (pAB), succinic (SA), and caffeic (CA) acids, was investigated in alkaline chloride solutions. The results revealed that pAB is the most effective protective agent, significantly better than SA and CA. It is surprising that the steel surface in the pAB solution remains unchanged even after 5 months of corrosion treatment, whereas the formation of degradation products in the SA and CA solutions was observed after only 6 days. Based on these findings, pAB was selected and used for the functionalization of silica nanoparticles and layered double hydroxides (LDHs) that can act as delivery vehicles and as an inhibitor reservoir. Specifically, pAB was chemisorbed on silica amino groups via an amide bond, and this makes possible a gradual inhibitor release induced by an alkaline environment. The intercalation of pAB in its anionic form into the LDHs structure is responsible for a completely different behavior since the release is induced by chloride ions and occurs by an anionic exchange reaction. Thus, these materials play a dual role by acting as an inhibitor reservoir and by capturing chlorides. These findings reveal that it is possible to create a reservoir of corrosion inhibitors gradually released on demand based on the chemical environment. The stimuli-responsive properties and the complementary protective action of inhibitor-loaded silica and LDHs make them attractive for the long-term protection of steel and open the way for innovative solutions in the preservation of concrete cultural heritage.
2020
nanocarriers; inhibitors; corrosion
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
On-demand release of protective agents triggered by environmental stimuli / Giuliani, Chiara; Messina, Elena; Staccioli, MARIA PAOLA; Pascucci, Marianna; Riccucci, Cristina; Francesca Liotta, Leonarda; Tortora, Luca; Maria Ingo, Gabriel; Di Carlo, Gabriella. - In: FRONTIERS IN CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 2296-2646. - 8:(2020). [10.3389/fchem.2020.00304]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1657568
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