Experience-dependent neuronal changes and brain plasticity occur throughout life as animals adapt to their environment. Structural, morphological, and cellular modifications promoted by exposure to environmental enrichment (EE) have been reported to improve neuronal functions, increase hippocampal neurogenesis, ameliorate memory tasks and cognitive performance, and have beneficial effects on several brain diseases, including cancer. We specifically addressed the role of the EE in counteracting neuronal dysfunction in mice bearing glioma in the primary visual cortex. By recording spontaneous and evoked currents with patch clamp techniques in acute slices obtained from standard and enriched-housed mice, we found that the presence of glioma globally reduced the excitatory and inhibitory transmissions in the peritumoral area. The exposure to an enriched environment counteracts the tumor-mediated depression of both excitatory and inhibitory neuronal activities, with a more pronounced impact on evoked transmission. The effect of EE on glioma was also associated with reduced tumor cell proliferation. These results elucidate the impact of EE on excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission of the primary visual cortex in control and glioma-bearing mice.

Environmental enrichment counteracts the effects of glioma in primary visual cortex

Di Castro, Maria Amalia
Primo
;
De Felice, Eleonora;Di Pietro, Erika;Mormino, Alessandro;Maggi, Laura;Limatola, Cristina
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Experience-dependent neuronal changes and brain plasticity occur throughout life as animals adapt to their environment. Structural, morphological, and cellular modifications promoted by exposure to environmental enrichment (EE) have been reported to improve neuronal functions, increase hippocampal neurogenesis, ameliorate memory tasks and cognitive performance, and have beneficial effects on several brain diseases, including cancer. We specifically addressed the role of the EE in counteracting neuronal dysfunction in mice bearing glioma in the primary visual cortex. By recording spontaneous and evoked currents with patch clamp techniques in acute slices obtained from standard and enriched-housed mice, we found that the presence of glioma globally reduced the excitatory and inhibitory transmissions in the peritumoral area. The exposure to an enriched environment counteracts the tumor-mediated depression of both excitatory and inhibitory neuronal activities, with a more pronounced impact on evoked transmission. The effect of EE on glioma was also associated with reduced tumor cell proliferation. These results elucidate the impact of EE on excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission of the primary visual cortex in control and glioma-bearing mice.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1657328
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