Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the commonest inherited retinal dystrophy. It is characterized by progressive photoreceptor degeneration and cell death and ongoing neuronal and vascular impairment. In recent years, pathophysiological alterations of the choroid have begun to be appreciated in RP. Thus, representing a potential diagnostic and therapeutic biomarker. In particular, choroidal thickness and the choroidal vascularity index can be used to understand the pathogenesis of disease and evaluate new therapeutic possibilities. Photoreceptor changes seen in eyes with RP are directly correlated to a decrease of choroidal flow, leading to a strong association between relative choroidal ischemia and visual impairment. In this review we analyse the literature on choroidal thickness and choroidal vascularity index in patients with RP and assess whether these markers may reflect progression of disease from an anatomical and functional point of view.

Choroidal vascularity index and choroidal thickness: potential biomarkers in retinitis pigmentosa

Abdolrahimzadeh, Solmaz;Di Pippo, Mariachiara;Ciancimino, Chiara;Di Staso, Federico;
2022

Abstract

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the commonest inherited retinal dystrophy. It is characterized by progressive photoreceptor degeneration and cell death and ongoing neuronal and vascular impairment. In recent years, pathophysiological alterations of the choroid have begun to be appreciated in RP. Thus, representing a potential diagnostic and therapeutic biomarker. In particular, choroidal thickness and the choroidal vascularity index can be used to understand the pathogenesis of disease and evaluate new therapeutic possibilities. Photoreceptor changes seen in eyes with RP are directly correlated to a decrease of choroidal flow, leading to a strong association between relative choroidal ischemia and visual impairment. In this review we analyse the literature on choroidal thickness and choroidal vascularity index in patients with RP and assess whether these markers may reflect progression of disease from an anatomical and functional point of view.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1657175
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