Introduction Defects in the lower border of the mandible may represent an aesthetic problem after mandibular advancement in orthognathic surgery. The use of bone grafts has been reported in the literature as a possibility to reduce these defects in the postoperative period.Objective The objective of this systematic review is to answer the following research question: Is it necessary to use bone grafts to prevent defects at the lower border of the mandible after mandibular advancement?Methods The literature search was conducted on MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Central Cochrane, Embase, LILACS, and Sigle via Open Gray up until December 2020. Five studies were eligible for this systematic review, considering the previously established inclusion and exclusion criteria.Results 1340 mandibular osteotomies were evaluated, with a mean advance of 8 mm, being 510 with bone graft (42 defects), 528 without graft (329 defects), and 302 with an alternative technique (32 defects). Regarding the type of bone graft used, three articles used xenogenous or biomaterial grafts and two allogenous bone grafts. The results of the meta-analysis showed a reduction in the presence of defects in the bone graft group: OR 0.04, 95% CI= 0.01, 0.19; p = 0.0005, (12 = 87%; p < 0.0001).Conclusion The use of bone grafts seems promising in reducing defects in the lower border of the mandible after mandibular advancement. New controlled prospective studies with a larger number of participants are needed to ensure the effectiveness of this procedure.

Is it necessary to use bone grafts to prevent defects at the lower border of the mandible after mandibular advancement?-a systematic review / da Hora Sales, Pedro Henrique; Maffìa, Francesco; Vellone, Valentino; Ramieri, Valerio; Leão, Jair Carneiro. - In: ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY. - ISSN 1865-1550. - (2022). [10.1007/s10006-022-01112-8]

Is it necessary to use bone grafts to prevent defects at the lower border of the mandible after mandibular advancement?-a systematic review

Vellone, Valentino;Ramieri, Valerio
Penultimo
;
2022

Abstract

Introduction Defects in the lower border of the mandible may represent an aesthetic problem after mandibular advancement in orthognathic surgery. The use of bone grafts has been reported in the literature as a possibility to reduce these defects in the postoperative period.Objective The objective of this systematic review is to answer the following research question: Is it necessary to use bone grafts to prevent defects at the lower border of the mandible after mandibular advancement?Methods The literature search was conducted on MEDLINE via PubMed, Scopus, Central Cochrane, Embase, LILACS, and Sigle via Open Gray up until December 2020. Five studies were eligible for this systematic review, considering the previously established inclusion and exclusion criteria.Results 1340 mandibular osteotomies were evaluated, with a mean advance of 8 mm, being 510 with bone graft (42 defects), 528 without graft (329 defects), and 302 with an alternative technique (32 defects). Regarding the type of bone graft used, three articles used xenogenous or biomaterial grafts and two allogenous bone grafts. The results of the meta-analysis showed a reduction in the presence of defects in the bone graft group: OR 0.04, 95% CI= 0.01, 0.19; p = 0.0005, (12 = 87%; p < 0.0001).Conclusion The use of bone grafts seems promising in reducing defects in the lower border of the mandible after mandibular advancement. New controlled prospective studies with a larger number of participants are needed to ensure the effectiveness of this procedure.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1656045
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