Introduction: Quality of sleep in hospitals is an important issue, especially for rehabilitation patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the development of sleep disturbances in a population of individuals hospitalized in intensive rehabilitation units and to investigate relationship with functional independence. Material and methods: The sample was evaluated with the General Sleep Disturbance Scale (GSDS-IT) and Bartel Index (IcaBI) three times: at admission (t0), seven days after admission (t1), and 25 days after admission (t2). The varia- tion in sleep quality between t0-t1-t2 was calculated by performing a paired samples t-test between the scores’ averages. A comparison of the functional independence level evaluated thorugh IcaBI of subjects with and without sleep disorders according to GSDS-IT cut-off points was performed via an independent samples t-test between the averages of the scores obtained on the IcaBI at times t0 and t2. Results: 138 individuals were included in the study, 77 of whom completed the evaluation at t2. Comparison of the mean scores on the GSDS-IT showed a statistically significant worsening of the quality of sleep between t0-t1-t2 (p < 0.01). Comparison of the mean scores on the IcaBI showed a statistically significant improvement in functional in- dependence between t0-t1-t2 (p < 0.01). The results showed no significant difference between those with or without sleep disorders in terms of improvement of IcaBI scores after 25 days of hospitalization. Conclusions: This study represent a starting point in highlighting the development of sleep disturbances during ho- spitalization in rehabilitation units, raising awareness about the importance of adequate sleep among vulnerable hospital population.

Sleep disturbances and functional independence improvement in a population of individuals hospitalized in intensive rehabilitation units: observational study / Galeoto, G.; Berardi, A.; Grassi, M. L.; Scialpi, A.; Valente, D.; Tofani, M.; Paoloni, M.. - In: POSTEPY REHABILITACJI. - ISSN 0860-6161. - 35:4(2021), pp. 17-24. [10.5114/AREH.2021.110001]

Sleep disturbances and functional independence improvement in a population of individuals hospitalized in intensive rehabilitation units: observational study

Galeoto G.
;
Berardi A.;Grassi M. L.;Scialpi A.;Valente D.;Tofani M.;Paoloni M.
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Quality of sleep in hospitals is an important issue, especially for rehabilitation patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the development of sleep disturbances in a population of individuals hospitalized in intensive rehabilitation units and to investigate relationship with functional independence. Material and methods: The sample was evaluated with the General Sleep Disturbance Scale (GSDS-IT) and Bartel Index (IcaBI) three times: at admission (t0), seven days after admission (t1), and 25 days after admission (t2). The varia- tion in sleep quality between t0-t1-t2 was calculated by performing a paired samples t-test between the scores’ averages. A comparison of the functional independence level evaluated thorugh IcaBI of subjects with and without sleep disorders according to GSDS-IT cut-off points was performed via an independent samples t-test between the averages of the scores obtained on the IcaBI at times t0 and t2. Results: 138 individuals were included in the study, 77 of whom completed the evaluation at t2. Comparison of the mean scores on the GSDS-IT showed a statistically significant worsening of the quality of sleep between t0-t1-t2 (p < 0.01). Comparison of the mean scores on the IcaBI showed a statistically significant improvement in functional in- dependence between t0-t1-t2 (p < 0.01). The results showed no significant difference between those with or without sleep disorders in terms of improvement of IcaBI scores after 25 days of hospitalization. Conclusions: This study represent a starting point in highlighting the development of sleep disturbances during ho- spitalization in rehabilitation units, raising awareness about the importance of adequate sleep among vulnerable hospital population.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1655913
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