Amorphous SiO2 thin films are one of the two components of the highly reflective mirror coatings of gravitational-wave detectors. For this study, layers of amorphous SiO2 on crystalline Si substrates were produced by ion-beam sputtering (IBS), using accelerated neutralized argon ions as sputtering particles, as is the case for the actual mirror coatings of gravitational-wave detectors. The aim of this study is to investigate the possible presence of various defects in the materials in order to improve the coating quality. We provide evidence that, due to the synthesis method, about 0.2 wt.% of Ar is present in the coatings, and it can be released by means of thermal treatments, starting around 400 degrees C. The time and temperature to obtain the total release of Ar increases with the coating thickness; for a thickness of 100 nm, all argon is released below 600 degrees C, while an isotherm of one hour at 900 degrees C is necessary for a coating 5 mu m thick. Besides the Ar atoms left from the synthesis, other defects, such as Si clusters and silicon dangling bonds, are present in the coatings. The concentration of both of them is strongly reduced by thermal treatments either in vacuum or in air. The overall thickness of the coating is slightly increased after thermal treatments, as witnessed by the change of the period of interference fringes.

Argon and other defects in amorphous SiO2 coatings for gravitational-wave detectors / Paolone, A; Placidi, E; Stellino, E; Betti, Mg; Majorana, E; Mariani, C; Nucara, A; Palumbo, O; Postorino, P; Sbroscia, M; Trequattrini, F; Granata, M; Hofman, D; Michel, C; Pinard, L; Lemaitre, A; Shcheblanov, N; Cagnoli, G; Ricci, F. - In: COATINGS. - ISSN 2079-6412. - 12:7(2022), p. 1001. [10.3390/coatings12071001]

Argon and other defects in amorphous SiO2 coatings for gravitational-wave detectors

Paolone, A;Placidi, E;Stellino, E;Betti, MG;Majorana, E;Mariani, C;Nucara, A;Palumbo, O;Postorino, P;Sbroscia, M;Trequattrini, F;Ricci, F
2022

Abstract

Amorphous SiO2 thin films are one of the two components of the highly reflective mirror coatings of gravitational-wave detectors. For this study, layers of amorphous SiO2 on crystalline Si substrates were produced by ion-beam sputtering (IBS), using accelerated neutralized argon ions as sputtering particles, as is the case for the actual mirror coatings of gravitational-wave detectors. The aim of this study is to investigate the possible presence of various defects in the materials in order to improve the coating quality. We provide evidence that, due to the synthesis method, about 0.2 wt.% of Ar is present in the coatings, and it can be released by means of thermal treatments, starting around 400 degrees C. The time and temperature to obtain the total release of Ar increases with the coating thickness; for a thickness of 100 nm, all argon is released below 600 degrees C, while an isotherm of one hour at 900 degrees C is necessary for a coating 5 mu m thick. Besides the Ar atoms left from the synthesis, other defects, such as Si clusters and silicon dangling bonds, are present in the coatings. The concentration of both of them is strongly reduced by thermal treatments either in vacuum or in air. The overall thickness of the coating is slightly increased after thermal treatments, as witnessed by the change of the period of interference fringes.
Amorphous silica; gravitational wave detectors; defects; argon release
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Argon and other defects in amorphous SiO2 coatings for gravitational-wave detectors / Paolone, A; Placidi, E; Stellino, E; Betti, Mg; Majorana, E; Mariani, C; Nucara, A; Palumbo, O; Postorino, P; Sbroscia, M; Trequattrini, F; Granata, M; Hofman, D; Michel, C; Pinard, L; Lemaitre, A; Shcheblanov, N; Cagnoli, G; Ricci, F. - In: COATINGS. - ISSN 2079-6412. - 12:7(2022), p. 1001. [10.3390/coatings12071001]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1655721
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