Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate how the high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) values influence the risk of carotid plaque instability in association with other cardiovascular risk factors. Methods: One hundred and fifty-six carotid plaques from both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients requiring surgical carotid endarterectomy were retrospectively collected. According to the modified American Heart Association, atherosclerosis plaques have been histologically distinguished into unstable and stable. The following anamnestic and hematochemical data were also considered: age, gender, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking habit, therapy, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-C, kidney failure and hs-CRP. Results: The results of our study clearly show that high levels of hs-CRP significantly increase the carotid plaque instability in dyslipidemic patients. Specifically, a 67% increase of the risk of carotid plaque instability was observed in patients with high LDL-C. Therefore, the highest risk was observed in male dyslipidemic patients 2333 (95% CI 0.73–7.48) and in aged female patients 2713 (95% CI 0.14–53.27). Discussion: These data strongly suggest a biological relationship between the hs-CRP values and the alteration of lipidic metabolism mostly in male patients affected by carotid atherosclerosis. The measurement of hs-CRP might be useful as a potential screening tool in the prevention of atheroscletotic disease.

High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein Increases the Risk of Carotid Plaque Instability in Male Dyslipidemic Patients / Scimeca, Manuel; Montanaro, Manuela; Cardellini, Marina; Bonfiglio, Rita; Anemona, Lucia; Urbano, Nicoletta; Bonanno, Elena; Menghini, Rossella; Casagrande, Viviana; Martelli, Eugenio; Servadei, Francesca; Giacobbi, Erica; Ippoliti, Arnaldo; Bei, Roberto; Manzari, Vittorio; Federici, Massimo; Schillaci, Orazio; Mauriello, Alessandro. - 11:11(2021). [10.3390/diagnostics11112117]

High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein Increases the Risk of Carotid Plaque Instability in Male Dyslipidemic Patients

Eugenio Martelli
Investigation
;
2021

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate how the high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) values influence the risk of carotid plaque instability in association with other cardiovascular risk factors. Methods: One hundred and fifty-six carotid plaques from both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients requiring surgical carotid endarterectomy were retrospectively collected. According to the modified American Heart Association, atherosclerosis plaques have been histologically distinguished into unstable and stable. The following anamnestic and hematochemical data were also considered: age, gender, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking habit, therapy, low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-C, kidney failure and hs-CRP. Results: The results of our study clearly show that high levels of hs-CRP significantly increase the carotid plaque instability in dyslipidemic patients. Specifically, a 67% increase of the risk of carotid plaque instability was observed in patients with high LDL-C. Therefore, the highest risk was observed in male dyslipidemic patients 2333 (95% CI 0.73–7.48) and in aged female patients 2713 (95% CI 0.14–53.27). Discussion: These data strongly suggest a biological relationship between the hs-CRP values and the alteration of lipidic metabolism mostly in male patients affected by carotid atherosclerosis. The measurement of hs-CRP might be useful as a potential screening tool in the prevention of atheroscletotic disease.
2021
atherosclerosis; hs-CRP; carotid plaque; cardiovascular risk factors; dyslipidemic patients
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
High Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein Increases the Risk of Carotid Plaque Instability in Male Dyslipidemic Patients / Scimeca, Manuel; Montanaro, Manuela; Cardellini, Marina; Bonfiglio, Rita; Anemona, Lucia; Urbano, Nicoletta; Bonanno, Elena; Menghini, Rossella; Casagrande, Viviana; Martelli, Eugenio; Servadei, Francesca; Giacobbi, Erica; Ippoliti, Arnaldo; Bei, Roberto; Manzari, Vittorio; Federici, Massimo; Schillaci, Orazio; Mauriello, Alessandro. - 11:11(2021). [10.3390/diagnostics11112117]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1655113
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