Inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis/progression of atherosclerosis, and inflammatory molecules contribute to the progression of cardiovascular disease. Subjects with normal post-load glucose tolerance and 1-h post-load plasma glucose >155 mg/dL have an increased risk of subclinical target organ damage and incident diabetes. We aimed to test possible differences in immune-mediated inflammatory parameters in newly-diagnosed hypertensives with or without 1-h post-load hyperglycemia. We enrolled 25 normotensives (NGT) and 50 hypertensives normotolerant on oral glucose tolerance test, further divided into two groups based on 1-h post-load plasma glucose: NGT 1-h ≥ 155 (n = 25) and NGT 1-h < 155 (n = 25). We measured toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, TLR4, nuclear factor kβ (NF-kβ), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Hypertensives showed significantly worse metabolic and lipid profiles, and higher values of body mass ass index (BMI), creatinine, and inflammatory parameters, compared to controls. NGT 1-h ≥ 155 had a worse glycometabolic profile and higher values of TLR2 (9.4 ± 4.2 vs. 5.9 ± 2.6 MFI), TLR4 (13.1 ± 3.9 vs. 7.8 ± 2.3 MFI), NF-kβ (0.21 ± 0.07 vs. 0.14 ± 0.04), IL-1β (6.9 ± 3.4 vs. 3.2 ± 2.1 pg/mL), IL-6 (10.8 ± 2.6 vs. 4.1 ± 1.6 pg/mL), IL-8 (27.6 ± 9.3 vs. 13.3 ± 5.6 pg/mL), TNF-α (6.4 ± 2.9 vs. 3.3 ± 1.4 pg/mL), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (4.8 ± 1.5 vs. 2.7 ± 1.0 mg/dL) in comparison with NGT 1-h < 155. Matsuda-index and 1-h post-load glycemia were retained as major predictors of TLRs and NF-kβ. These results contribute to better characterizing cardiovascular risk in hypertensives.

Immuno-Mediated Inflammation in Hypertensive Patients with 1-h Post-Load Hyperglycemia

Sesti, Giorgio
Penultimo
Supervision
;
2022

Abstract

Inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis/progression of atherosclerosis, and inflammatory molecules contribute to the progression of cardiovascular disease. Subjects with normal post-load glucose tolerance and 1-h post-load plasma glucose >155 mg/dL have an increased risk of subclinical target organ damage and incident diabetes. We aimed to test possible differences in immune-mediated inflammatory parameters in newly-diagnosed hypertensives with or without 1-h post-load hyperglycemia. We enrolled 25 normotensives (NGT) and 50 hypertensives normotolerant on oral glucose tolerance test, further divided into two groups based on 1-h post-load plasma glucose: NGT 1-h ≥ 155 (n = 25) and NGT 1-h < 155 (n = 25). We measured toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, TLR4, nuclear factor kβ (NF-kβ), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. Hypertensives showed significantly worse metabolic and lipid profiles, and higher values of body mass ass index (BMI), creatinine, and inflammatory parameters, compared to controls. NGT 1-h ≥ 155 had a worse glycometabolic profile and higher values of TLR2 (9.4 ± 4.2 vs. 5.9 ± 2.6 MFI), TLR4 (13.1 ± 3.9 vs. 7.8 ± 2.3 MFI), NF-kβ (0.21 ± 0.07 vs. 0.14 ± 0.04), IL-1β (6.9 ± 3.4 vs. 3.2 ± 2.1 pg/mL), IL-6 (10.8 ± 2.6 vs. 4.1 ± 1.6 pg/mL), IL-8 (27.6 ± 9.3 vs. 13.3 ± 5.6 pg/mL), TNF-α (6.4 ± 2.9 vs. 3.3 ± 1.4 pg/mL), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (4.8 ± 1.5 vs. 2.7 ± 1.0 mg/dL) in comparison with NGT 1-h < 155. Matsuda-index and 1-h post-load glycemia were retained as major predictors of TLRs and NF-kβ. These results contribute to better characterizing cardiovascular risk in hypertensives.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1655080
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