Exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) has been associated with an increased risk of fatal breast cancers and recurrence, along with chemoresistance and chemotherapy impairment. This strengthens the interest in chemopreventive agents to be exploited both in healthy and oncological subjects to prevent or repair CS damage. In the present study, we evaluated the chemopreventive properties of the natural sesquiterpene β-caryophyllene towards the damage induced by cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) in triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB-468 cells. Particularly, we assessed the ability of the sesquiterpene to interfere with the mechanisms exploited by CSC to promote cell survival and chemoresistance, including genomic instability, cell cycle progress, autophagy/apoptosis, cell migration and related pathways. β-Caryophyllene was found to be able to increase the CSC-induced death of MDA-MB-468 cells, likely triggering oxidative stress, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis; moreover, it hindered cell recovery, autophagy activation and cell migration; at last, a marked inhibition of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) activation was highlighted: this could represent a key mechanism of the chemoprevention by β-caryophyllene. Although further studies are required to confirm the in vivo efficacy of β-caryophyllene, the present results suggest a novel strategy to reduce the harmful effect of smoke in cancer patients and to improve the survival expectations in breast cancer women.

β-caryophyllene counteracts chemoresistance induced by cigarette smoke in triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-468 cells / Di Sotto, Antonella; Gulli, Marco; Minacori, Marco; Mancinelli, Romina; Garzoli, Stefania; Percaccio, Ester; Incocciati, Alessio; Romaniello, Donatella; Mazzanti, Gabriela; Eufemi, Margherita; Di Giacomo, Silvia. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 10:9(2022), pp. 1-32. [10.3390/biomedicines10092257]

β-caryophyllene counteracts chemoresistance induced by cigarette smoke in triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-468 cells

Di Sotto, Antonella;Gulli, Marco;Minacori, Marco;Mancinelli, Romina;Garzoli, Stefania;Percaccio, Ester;Incocciati, Alessio;Romaniello, Donatella;Mazzanti, Gabriela;Eufemi, Margherita;Di Giacomo, Silvia
2022

Abstract

Exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) has been associated with an increased risk of fatal breast cancers and recurrence, along with chemoresistance and chemotherapy impairment. This strengthens the interest in chemopreventive agents to be exploited both in healthy and oncological subjects to prevent or repair CS damage. In the present study, we evaluated the chemopreventive properties of the natural sesquiterpene β-caryophyllene towards the damage induced by cigarette smoke condensate (CSC) in triple negative breast cancer MDA-MB-468 cells. Particularly, we assessed the ability of the sesquiterpene to interfere with the mechanisms exploited by CSC to promote cell survival and chemoresistance, including genomic instability, cell cycle progress, autophagy/apoptosis, cell migration and related pathways. β-Caryophyllene was found to be able to increase the CSC-induced death of MDA-MB-468 cells, likely triggering oxidative stress, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis; moreover, it hindered cell recovery, autophagy activation and cell migration; at last, a marked inhibition of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) activation was highlighted: this could represent a key mechanism of the chemoprevention by β-caryophyllene. Although further studies are required to confirm the in vivo efficacy of β-caryophyllene, the present results suggest a novel strategy to reduce the harmful effect of smoke in cancer patients and to improve the survival expectations in breast cancer women.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1655073
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