Attacks perpetrated using acid are a particular form of interpersonal violence, possibly one of the most heinous manifestations of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). Acid attacks are mainly motivated by extramarital cheating, marital conflicts, women's rejection of marriage proposals, and sexual advances. As these attacks are not well understood from a psychological perspective, we conducted a systematic review, following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, of 284 articles identified, 13 were eligible for inclusion. Three main focuses were identified: "Risk and vulnerability factors," "Consequences and implications," and "Interventions and treatments." Acid attacks seem to be more frequent in countries where social and economic development leads to greater tensions over traditional gender roles like Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. Identified risk factors were young age, low socioeconomic status, low educational attainment, ethnicity, unemployment status of the victim, alcohol, and drug use of the perpetrator. Among the main psychosocial consequences of acid attacks, isolation and social exclusion emerged. Additionally, the paper will discuss the role of mental health consequences and specific treatments from psychological, clinical, and medical-legal points of view.

A Medical-Legal and Psychological Systematic Review on Vitriolage Related to Gender-Based Violence / Barchielli, Benedetta; Lausi, Giulia; Pizzo, Alessandra; Messineo, Manuel; Del Casale, Antonio; Giannini, Anna Maria; Ferracuti, Stefano. - In: TRAUMA, VIOLENCE & ABUSE. - ISSN 1524-8380. - (2022), p. 15248380221121288. [10.1177/15248380221121288]

A Medical-Legal and Psychological Systematic Review on Vitriolage Related to Gender-Based Violence

Barchielli, Benedetta
Primo
;
Lausi, Giulia
Secondo
;
Pizzo, Alessandra;Del Casale, Antonio;Giannini, Anna Maria
Penultimo
;
Ferracuti, Stefano
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Attacks perpetrated using acid are a particular form of interpersonal violence, possibly one of the most heinous manifestations of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV). Acid attacks are mainly motivated by extramarital cheating, marital conflicts, women's rejection of marriage proposals, and sexual advances. As these attacks are not well understood from a psychological perspective, we conducted a systematic review, following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, of 284 articles identified, 13 were eligible for inclusion. Three main focuses were identified: "Risk and vulnerability factors," "Consequences and implications," and "Interventions and treatments." Acid attacks seem to be more frequent in countries where social and economic development leads to greater tensions over traditional gender roles like Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. Identified risk factors were young age, low socioeconomic status, low educational attainment, ethnicity, unemployment status of the victim, alcohol, and drug use of the perpetrator. Among the main psychosocial consequences of acid attacks, isolation and social exclusion emerged. Additionally, the paper will discuss the role of mental health consequences and specific treatments from psychological, clinical, and medical-legal points of view.
2022
acid attacks; anything related to domestic violence; cultural contexts; domestic violence; gender-based violence; intervention/treatment; sexual assault
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
A Medical-Legal and Psychological Systematic Review on Vitriolage Related to Gender-Based Violence / Barchielli, Benedetta; Lausi, Giulia; Pizzo, Alessandra; Messineo, Manuel; Del Casale, Antonio; Giannini, Anna Maria; Ferracuti, Stefano. - In: TRAUMA, VIOLENCE & ABUSE. - ISSN 1524-8380. - (2022), p. 15248380221121288. [10.1177/15248380221121288]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1654319
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