Abscisic acid (ABA) regulates plant responses to stress, partly via NO. In mammals, ABA stimulates NO production by innate immune cells and keratinocytes, glucose uptake and mito- chondrial respiration by skeletal myocytes and improves blood glucose homeostasis through its receptors LANCL1 and LANCL2. We hypothesized a role for the ABA-LANCL1/2 system in car- diomyocyte protection from hypoxia via NO. The effect of ABA and of the silencing or overexpression of LANCL1 and LANCL2 were investigated in H9c2 rat cardiomyoblasts under normoxia or hy- poxia/reoxygenation. In H9c2, hypoxia induced ABA release, and ABA stimulated NO production. ABA increased the survival of H9c2 to hypoxia, and L-NAME, an inhibitor of NO synthase (NOS), abrogated this effect. ABA also increased glucose uptake and NADPH levels and increased phospho- rylation of Akt, AMPK and eNOS. Overexpression or silencing of LANCL1/2 significantly increased or decreased, respectively, transcription, expression and phosphorylation of AMPK, Akt and eNOS; transcription of NAMPT, Sirt1 and the arginine transporter. The mitochondrial proton gradient and cell vitality increased in LANCL1/2-overexpressing vs. -silenced cells after hypoxia/reoxygenation, and L-NAME abrogated this difference. These results implicate the ABA-LANCL1/2 hormone- receptor system in NO-mediated cardiomyocyte protection against hypoxia.

The ABA-LANCL1/2 hormone-receptors system protects H9c2 cardiomyocytes from hypoxia-induced mitochondrial injury via an AMPK- and NO-mediated mechanism

Roberto Rizzi;
2022

Abstract

Abscisic acid (ABA) regulates plant responses to stress, partly via NO. In mammals, ABA stimulates NO production by innate immune cells and keratinocytes, glucose uptake and mito- chondrial respiration by skeletal myocytes and improves blood glucose homeostasis through its receptors LANCL1 and LANCL2. We hypothesized a role for the ABA-LANCL1/2 system in car- diomyocyte protection from hypoxia via NO. The effect of ABA and of the silencing or overexpression of LANCL1 and LANCL2 were investigated in H9c2 rat cardiomyoblasts under normoxia or hy- poxia/reoxygenation. In H9c2, hypoxia induced ABA release, and ABA stimulated NO production. ABA increased the survival of H9c2 to hypoxia, and L-NAME, an inhibitor of NO synthase (NOS), abrogated this effect. ABA also increased glucose uptake and NADPH levels and increased phospho- rylation of Akt, AMPK and eNOS. Overexpression or silencing of LANCL1/2 significantly increased or decreased, respectively, transcription, expression and phosphorylation of AMPK, Akt and eNOS; transcription of NAMPT, Sirt1 and the arginine transporter. The mitochondrial proton gradient and cell vitality increased in LANCL1/2-overexpressing vs. -silenced cells after hypoxia/reoxygenation, and L-NAME abrogated this difference. These results implicate the ABA-LANCL1/2 hormone- receptor system in NO-mediated cardiomyocyte protection against hypoxia.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1654269
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