Abstract Background: COVID-19 lockdown caused sudden changes in people’s lifestyle, as a consequence of the forced lockdown imposed by governments all over the world. We aimed to evaluate the impact of lockdown on body mass index (BMI) in a cohort of allergic children and adolescents. Methods: From the rst of June until the end of October 2020, we submitted a written questionnaire to all the patients who, after lockdown, carried out a visit at the Pediatric Allergy Unit of the Department of Mother-Child, Urological Science, Sapienza University of Rome. The questionnaire was composed by 10 questions, referring to the changes in their daily activities. Data were extrapolated from the questionnaire and then analyzed considering six variables: BMI before and BMI after lockdown, sugar intake, sport, screens, sleep, and anxiety. Results: One hundred fty-three patients agreed to answer our questionnaire. Results showed a statistically sig- ni cant increase in the BMI after lockdown (20.97 kg/m2 ± 2.63) with respect to the BMI before lockdown (19.18 kg/ m2 ± 2.70). A multivariate regression analysis showed that the two variables that mostly in uenced the increase in BMI were sleep and anxiety. Conclusions: For the analyzed cohort of allergic children and adolescents we obtained signi cant gain in BMI as consequences of lockdown, which can be explained by many factors: high consumption of consolatory food, less sport activities, more time spent in front of screens, sleep alteration associated with increased anxiety. All these factors acted together, although sleep alteration and increased anxiety were the most in uential factors that led to the wors- ening or the onset of weight gain, creating the basis for future health problems.

E ects of COVID-19 lockdown on weight in a cohort of allergic children and adolescents

Giulia Brindisi
;
Vincenza Patrizia Di Marino;Francesca Olivero;Daniela De Canditiis;Giovanna De Castro;Anna Maria Zicari;
2022

Abstract

Abstract Background: COVID-19 lockdown caused sudden changes in people’s lifestyle, as a consequence of the forced lockdown imposed by governments all over the world. We aimed to evaluate the impact of lockdown on body mass index (BMI) in a cohort of allergic children and adolescents. Methods: From the rst of June until the end of October 2020, we submitted a written questionnaire to all the patients who, after lockdown, carried out a visit at the Pediatric Allergy Unit of the Department of Mother-Child, Urological Science, Sapienza University of Rome. The questionnaire was composed by 10 questions, referring to the changes in their daily activities. Data were extrapolated from the questionnaire and then analyzed considering six variables: BMI before and BMI after lockdown, sugar intake, sport, screens, sleep, and anxiety. Results: One hundred fty-three patients agreed to answer our questionnaire. Results showed a statistically sig- ni cant increase in the BMI after lockdown (20.97 kg/m2 ± 2.63) with respect to the BMI before lockdown (19.18 kg/ m2 ± 2.70). A multivariate regression analysis showed that the two variables that mostly in uenced the increase in BMI were sleep and anxiety. Conclusions: For the analyzed cohort of allergic children and adolescents we obtained signi cant gain in BMI as consequences of lockdown, which can be explained by many factors: high consumption of consolatory food, less sport activities, more time spent in front of screens, sleep alteration associated with increased anxiety. All these factors acted together, although sleep alteration and increased anxiety were the most in uential factors that led to the wors- ening or the onset of weight gain, creating the basis for future health problems.
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1654187
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact