Abstract BACKGROUND:Our aim was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness and safety of GnRH agonist plus raloxifene administration in women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas. METHODS: Fifty pre-menopausal women with uterine leiomyomas were treated with leuprolide acetate depot at dose of 3.75 mg/28 days and raloxifene hydrochloride at 60 mg/day for 18 cycles. At admission and after each six cycles of treatment, bone mineral density (BMD), uterine, leiomyoma and non-leiomyoma dimensions, serum bone metabolism markers, lipid, glucose and insulin levels were evaluated. Leiomyoma-related and climacteric-like symptoms were assessed using a daily diary. RESULTS: Throughout the study, no signi®cant change in BMD or in any bone metabolism markers was observed. A signi®cant decrease in uterine, leiomyoma and non-leiomyoma sizes was detected in comparison with baseline already after 6 months. No other signi®cant change was observed at the successive follow-up visits. No signi®cant change in lipid and glucose pro®le was detected throughout the study. The treatments were well tolerated. All treatment withdrawals (16%, eight out of 50) were due to lack of compliance, and none to drug-related adverse experiences. CONCLUSION: GnRH agonist plus raloxifene administration is an effective and safe treatment for pre-menopausal women with uterine leiomyomas. Our aim was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness and safety of GnRH agonist plus raloxifene administration in women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas. METHODS: Fifty pre-menopausal women with uterine leiomyomas were treated with leuprolide acetate depot at dose of 3.75 mg/28 days and raloxifene hydrochloride at 60 mg/day for 18 cycles. At admission and after each six cycles of treatment, bone mineral density (BMD), uterine, leiomyoma and non-leiomyoma dimensions, serum bone metabolism markers, lipid, glucose and insulin levels were evaluated. Leiomyoma-related and climacteric-like symptoms were assessed using a daily diary. RESULTS: Throughout the study, no significant change in BMD or in any bone metabolism markers was observed. A significant decrease in uterine, leiomyoma and non-leiomyoma sizes was detected in comparison with baseline already after 6 months. No other significant change was observed at the successive follow-up visits. No significant change in lipid and glucose profile was detected throughout the study. The treatments were well tolerated. All treatment withdrawals (16%, eight out of 50) were due to lack of compliance, and none to drug-related adverse experiences. CONCLUSION: GnRH agonist plus raloxifene administration is an effective and safe treatment for pre-menopausal women with uterine leiomyomas

Long-term effectiveness and safety of GnRH agonist plus raloxifene administration in women with uterine leiomyomas / Palomba, S; Orio, F Jr; Russo, T; Falbo, A; Cascella, T; Doldo, P; Nappi, C; Lombardi, G; Mastrantonio, P; Zullo, F. - In: HUMAN REPRODUCTION. - ISSN 0268-1161. - 19:6(2004), pp. 1308-1314. [10.1093/humrep/deh296]

Long-term effectiveness and safety of GnRH agonist plus raloxifene administration in women with uterine leiomyomas

Palomba S;
2004

Abstract

Abstract BACKGROUND:Our aim was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness and safety of GnRH agonist plus raloxifene administration in women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas. METHODS: Fifty pre-menopausal women with uterine leiomyomas were treated with leuprolide acetate depot at dose of 3.75 mg/28 days and raloxifene hydrochloride at 60 mg/day for 18 cycles. At admission and after each six cycles of treatment, bone mineral density (BMD), uterine, leiomyoma and non-leiomyoma dimensions, serum bone metabolism markers, lipid, glucose and insulin levels were evaluated. Leiomyoma-related and climacteric-like symptoms were assessed using a daily diary. RESULTS: Throughout the study, no signi®cant change in BMD or in any bone metabolism markers was observed. A signi®cant decrease in uterine, leiomyoma and non-leiomyoma sizes was detected in comparison with baseline already after 6 months. No other signi®cant change was observed at the successive follow-up visits. No signi®cant change in lipid and glucose pro®le was detected throughout the study. The treatments were well tolerated. All treatment withdrawals (16%, eight out of 50) were due to lack of compliance, and none to drug-related adverse experiences. CONCLUSION: GnRH agonist plus raloxifene administration is an effective and safe treatment for pre-menopausal women with uterine leiomyomas. Our aim was to evaluate the long-term effectiveness and safety of GnRH agonist plus raloxifene administration in women with symptomatic uterine leiomyomas. METHODS: Fifty pre-menopausal women with uterine leiomyomas were treated with leuprolide acetate depot at dose of 3.75 mg/28 days and raloxifene hydrochloride at 60 mg/day for 18 cycles. At admission and after each six cycles of treatment, bone mineral density (BMD), uterine, leiomyoma and non-leiomyoma dimensions, serum bone metabolism markers, lipid, glucose and insulin levels were evaluated. Leiomyoma-related and climacteric-like symptoms were assessed using a daily diary. RESULTS: Throughout the study, no significant change in BMD or in any bone metabolism markers was observed. A significant decrease in uterine, leiomyoma and non-leiomyoma sizes was detected in comparison with baseline already after 6 months. No other significant change was observed at the successive follow-up visits. No significant change in lipid and glucose profile was detected throughout the study. The treatments were well tolerated. All treatment withdrawals (16%, eight out of 50) were due to lack of compliance, and none to drug-related adverse experiences. CONCLUSION: GnRH agonist plus raloxifene administration is an effective and safe treatment for pre-menopausal women with uterine leiomyomas
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1653724
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