Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequently diagnosed female invasive cancer in Western countries and the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Nowadays, tumor heterogeneity is a well-known characteristic of BC, since it includes several nosological entities characterized by different morphologic features, clinical course and response to treatment. Thus, with the spread of molecular biology technologies and the growing knowledge of the biological processes underlying the development of BC, the importance of imaging biomarkers as non-invasive information about tissue hallmarks has progressively grown. To date, breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered indispensable in breast imaging practice, with widely recognized indications such as BC screening in females at increased risk, locoregional staging and neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) monitoring. Moreover, breast MRI is increasingly used to assess not only the morphologic features of the pathological process but also to characterize individual phenotypes for targeted therapies, building on developments in genomics and molecular biology features. The aim of this review is to explore the role of breast multiparametric MRI in providing imaging biomarkers, leading to an improved differentiation of benign and malignant breast lesions and to a customized management of BC patients in monitoring and predicting response to treatment. Finally, we discuss how breast MRI biomarkers offer one of the most fertile ground for artificial intelligence (AI) applications. In the era of personalized medicine, with the development of omics-technologies, machine learning and big data, the role of imaging biomarkers is embracing new opportunities for BC diagnosis and treatment.

MRI as a biomarker for breast cancer diagnosis and prognosis

FRANCESCA GALATI
Primo
;
VERONICA RIZZO
Secondo
;
ENDI KRIPA;ROBERTO MARONCELLI
Penultimo
;
FEDERICA PEDICONI
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Breast cancer (BC) is the most frequently diagnosed female invasive cancer in Western countries and the leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Nowadays, tumor heterogeneity is a well-known characteristic of BC, since it includes several nosological entities characterized by different morphologic features, clinical course and response to treatment. Thus, with the spread of molecular biology technologies and the growing knowledge of the biological processes underlying the development of BC, the importance of imaging biomarkers as non-invasive information about tissue hallmarks has progressively grown. To date, breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered indispensable in breast imaging practice, with widely recognized indications such as BC screening in females at increased risk, locoregional staging and neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) monitoring. Moreover, breast MRI is increasingly used to assess not only the morphologic features of the pathological process but also to characterize individual phenotypes for targeted therapies, building on developments in genomics and molecular biology features. The aim of this review is to explore the role of breast multiparametric MRI in providing imaging biomarkers, leading to an improved differentiation of benign and malignant breast lesions and to a customized management of BC patients in monitoring and predicting response to treatment. Finally, we discuss how breast MRI biomarkers offer one of the most fertile ground for artificial intelligence (AI) applications. In the era of personalized medicine, with the development of omics-technologies, machine learning and big data, the role of imaging biomarkers is embracing new opportunities for BC diagnosis and treatment.
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Galati_MRI-as-a-biomarker_2022.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 508.64 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
508.64 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri PDF

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1653307
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact