Site localization of protein sulfation by high-throughput proteomics remains challenging despite the technological improvements. In this study, sequence analysis and site localization of sulfation in tryptic peptides were determined under a conventional nano-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry configuration. Tryptic sulfopeptide standards were used to study different fragmentation strategies, including collision-induced dissociation (CID), higher-energy collisional dissociation (HCD), electron-transfer dissociation (ETD), electron-transfer/higher-energy collision dissociation (EThcD), and electron-transfer/collision-induced dissociation (ETciD), in the positive ionization mode. Sulfopeptides displayed only neutral loss of SO3 under CID, while the sequence could be determined for all other tested fragmentation techniques. Results were compared to the same sequences with phosphotyrosine, indicating important differences, as the sequence and modification localization could be studied by all fragmentation strategies. However, the use of metal adducts, especially potassium, provided valuable information for sulfopeptide localization in ETD and ETD-hybrid strategies by stabilizing the modification and increasing the charge state of sulfopeptides. In these conditions, both the sequence and localization could be obtained. In-source neutral loss of SO3 under EThcD provided diagnostic peaks suitable to distinguish the sulfopeptides from the nearly isobaric phosphopeptides. Further confirmation on the modification type was found in the negative ionization mode, where phosphopeptides always had the typical phosphate product ion corresponding to PO3-.

The Key Role of Metal Adducts in the Differentiation of Phosphopeptide from Sulfopeptide Sequences by High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry / Piovesana, Susy; Capriotti, Anna Laura; Cavaliere, Chiara; Cerrato, Andrea; Montone, Carmela Maria; Zenezini Chiozzi, Riccardo; Laganà, Aldo. - In: ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1520-6882. - 94:26(2022), pp. 9234-9241. [10.1021/acs.analchem.1c05621]

The Key Role of Metal Adducts in the Differentiation of Phosphopeptide from Sulfopeptide Sequences by High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry

Piovesana, Susy;Capriotti, Anna Laura;Cavaliere, Chiara;Cerrato, Andrea;Montone, Carmela Maria;Laganà, Aldo
2022

Abstract

Site localization of protein sulfation by high-throughput proteomics remains challenging despite the technological improvements. In this study, sequence analysis and site localization of sulfation in tryptic peptides were determined under a conventional nano-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry configuration. Tryptic sulfopeptide standards were used to study different fragmentation strategies, including collision-induced dissociation (CID), higher-energy collisional dissociation (HCD), electron-transfer dissociation (ETD), electron-transfer/higher-energy collision dissociation (EThcD), and electron-transfer/collision-induced dissociation (ETciD), in the positive ionization mode. Sulfopeptides displayed only neutral loss of SO3 under CID, while the sequence could be determined for all other tested fragmentation techniques. Results were compared to the same sequences with phosphotyrosine, indicating important differences, as the sequence and modification localization could be studied by all fragmentation strategies. However, the use of metal adducts, especially potassium, provided valuable information for sulfopeptide localization in ETD and ETD-hybrid strategies by stabilizing the modification and increasing the charge state of sulfopeptides. In these conditions, both the sequence and localization could be obtained. In-source neutral loss of SO3 under EThcD provided diagnostic peaks suitable to distinguish the sulfopeptides from the nearly isobaric phosphopeptides. Further confirmation on the modification type was found in the negative ionization mode, where phosphopeptides always had the typical phosphate product ion corresponding to PO3-.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1652464
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