Objectives: The aim of the present work is to determine, by studying the differences between groups of individuals with intellectual disability and individuals without an obvious pathology in order to determine the typical profile of individuals with intellectual disability. Methods: subject profiles were selected from more than two hundred medical records of patients evaluated for forensic purposes. The full study sample (N=36) was sorted into two groups based on the IQ score obtained by the WAIS test. Groups were divided as follows: a Group composed of individuals diagnosed as intellectual disabled (N=25) and a group of non-clinical people. Statistical analysis: To analyse groups differences a Mann-Whitney U test was performed. Results: The Mann-Whitney U test shows that moderate differences exist between groups for the variables Zd, Zf, FQu, M, W, Blends, A and Ad (p=0.05). On the other hand, strongly significant differences were discovered for the variables WSC, R-PAS, Complexity, H, FQo, Age and whole number of R (p=0.01). Discussion: The results show how the analyses carried out provide statistically significant characteristics to detect a prototypical profile of a subject with a diagnosis of intellectual disability. Considering also legal and social medicine aspects, the identification of these patterns represents a substantial help for clinicians to recognize the «state of handicap» useful to access to the benefits provided by Italian welfare state and especially by law 104/92 in the Italian legislation.

THE QUANTITATIVE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN RORSCHACH AND WAIS-IV: PATTERN DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SUBJECTS WITH INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY AND NON-CLINICAL GROUP

Felice Marco Damato
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Serafino Ricci
Supervision
2022

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the present work is to determine, by studying the differences between groups of individuals with intellectual disability and individuals without an obvious pathology in order to determine the typical profile of individuals with intellectual disability. Methods: subject profiles were selected from more than two hundred medical records of patients evaluated for forensic purposes. The full study sample (N=36) was sorted into two groups based on the IQ score obtained by the WAIS test. Groups were divided as follows: a Group composed of individuals diagnosed as intellectual disabled (N=25) and a group of non-clinical people. Statistical analysis: To analyse groups differences a Mann-Whitney U test was performed. Results: The Mann-Whitney U test shows that moderate differences exist between groups for the variables Zd, Zf, FQu, M, W, Blends, A and Ad (p=0.05). On the other hand, strongly significant differences were discovered for the variables WSC, R-PAS, Complexity, H, FQo, Age and whole number of R (p=0.01). Discussion: The results show how the analyses carried out provide statistically significant characteristics to detect a prototypical profile of a subject with a diagnosis of intellectual disability. Considering also legal and social medicine aspects, the identification of these patterns represents a substantial help for clinicians to recognize the «state of handicap» useful to access to the benefits provided by Italian welfare state and especially by law 104/92 in the Italian legislation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1652239
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