Introduction: Because there are no data regarding an instrument recently introduced on the market (OneRECI; Coltene MicroMega, Besançon, France), the aim of this study was to assess its mechanical and metallurgical properties comparing them with the following widespread reciprocating instruments: Reciproc (VDW, Munich, Germany), Reciproc Blue (VDW), EdgeOne Fire (EdgeEndo, Albuquerque, NM), and WaveOne Gold (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland). Methods: A total of 65 nickel-titanium files from 5 different reciprocating systems (OneRECI, Reciproc, Reciproc Blue, EdgeOne Fire, and WaveOne Gold) were evaluated throughout a combined mechanical and metallurgical method. Mechanical performances of the selected file were examined by subjecting each specimen to cyclic fatigue and torsional and bending resistance tests, whereas their metallurgical properties were assessed by analyzing the nickel-titanium alloy composition and the phase transformation temperatures through energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry, respectively. One-way analysis of variance and the post hoc Tukey test were performed with the significance level set to a 95% confidence level. Results: Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy showed a similar alloy composition for all of the tested files, with a nickel percentage of about 52%–53% and a corresponding percentage of titanium of 47%–48%, whereas the differential scanning calorimetry analysis, although it indicated martensitic characteristics for all files, showed differences in terms of phase transformation temperatures. Overall, OneRECI showed the best mechanical performances in terms of cyclic fatigue and torsional resistance (32.95 ± 2.33 seconds and 0.76 ± 0.03 Ncm, respectively) and flexibility (48.4 ± 4.1 g), with statistically significant differences for all tests (P < .05). The Reciproc files showed the worst flexibility and cyclic fatigue resistance (157.2 ± 8.3 g and 9.27 ± 1.18 seconds, respectively), whereas the EdgeOne Fire showed the lowest torsional resistance (0.39 ± 0.12 Ncm), with statistically significant differences (P < .05). Conclusions: Within the limitations of this study, the recently introduced OneRECI file showed the best mechanical performance in comparison to the tested instruments, with an equiatomic composition of the nickel-titanium alloy and a martensitic behavior.

Mechanical performance and metallurgical characteristics of 5 different single-file reciprocating instruments: a comparative in vitro and laboratory study

Seracchiani M.
Primo
Methodology
;
Reda R.
Secondo
Methodology
;
Zanza A.
Formal Analysis
;
D'Angelo M.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Russo P.
Penultimo
Investigation
;
Testarelli L.
Ultimo
Conceptualization
2022

Abstract

Introduction: Because there are no data regarding an instrument recently introduced on the market (OneRECI; Coltene MicroMega, Besançon, France), the aim of this study was to assess its mechanical and metallurgical properties comparing them with the following widespread reciprocating instruments: Reciproc (VDW, Munich, Germany), Reciproc Blue (VDW), EdgeOne Fire (EdgeEndo, Albuquerque, NM), and WaveOne Gold (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland). Methods: A total of 65 nickel-titanium files from 5 different reciprocating systems (OneRECI, Reciproc, Reciproc Blue, EdgeOne Fire, and WaveOne Gold) were evaluated throughout a combined mechanical and metallurgical method. Mechanical performances of the selected file were examined by subjecting each specimen to cyclic fatigue and torsional and bending resistance tests, whereas their metallurgical properties were assessed by analyzing the nickel-titanium alloy composition and the phase transformation temperatures through energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry, respectively. One-way analysis of variance and the post hoc Tukey test were performed with the significance level set to a 95% confidence level. Results: Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy showed a similar alloy composition for all of the tested files, with a nickel percentage of about 52%–53% and a corresponding percentage of titanium of 47%–48%, whereas the differential scanning calorimetry analysis, although it indicated martensitic characteristics for all files, showed differences in terms of phase transformation temperatures. Overall, OneRECI showed the best mechanical performances in terms of cyclic fatigue and torsional resistance (32.95 ± 2.33 seconds and 0.76 ± 0.03 Ncm, respectively) and flexibility (48.4 ± 4.1 g), with statistically significant differences for all tests (P < .05). The Reciproc files showed the worst flexibility and cyclic fatigue resistance (157.2 ± 8.3 g and 9.27 ± 1.18 seconds, respectively), whereas the EdgeOne Fire showed the lowest torsional resistance (0.39 ± 0.12 Ncm), with statistically significant differences (P < .05). Conclusions: Within the limitations of this study, the recently introduced OneRECI file showed the best mechanical performance in comparison to the tested instruments, with an equiatomic composition of the nickel-titanium alloy and a martensitic behavior.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1651884
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