Acute traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) involves primary and secondary injury mechanisms. The primary mechanism is related to the initial traumatic damage caused by the damaging impact and this damage is irreversible. Secondary mechanisms, which begin as early as a few minutes after the initial trauma, include processes such as spinal cord ischemia, cellular excitotoxicity, ionic dysregulation, and free radical-mediated peroxidation. SCI is featured by different forms of injury, investigating the pathology and degree of clinical diagnosis and treatment strategies, the animal models that have allowed us to better understand this entity and, finally, the role of new diagnostic and prognostic tools such as miRNA could improve our ability to manage this pathological entity. Autopsy could benefit from improvements in miRNA research: the specificity and sensitivity of miRNAs could help physicians in determining the cause of death, besides the time of death.

Acute spinal cord injury: a systematic review investigating miRNA families involved / Pinchi, Enrica; Frati, Alessandro; Cantatore, Santina; D'Errico, Stefano; Russa, Raffaele La; Maiese, Aniello; Palmieri, Mauro; Pesce, Alessandro; Viola, Rocco Valerio; Frati, Paola; Fineschi, Vittorio. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 20:8(2019), pp. 1-26. [10.3390/ijms20081841]

Acute spinal cord injury: a systematic review investigating miRNA families involved

Pinchi, Enrica;Frati, Alessandro;Russa, Raffaele La;Maiese, Aniello;Palmieri, Mauro;Pesce, Alessandro;Viola, Rocco Valerio;Frati, Paola;Fineschi, Vittorio
2019

Abstract

Acute traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) involves primary and secondary injury mechanisms. The primary mechanism is related to the initial traumatic damage caused by the damaging impact and this damage is irreversible. Secondary mechanisms, which begin as early as a few minutes after the initial trauma, include processes such as spinal cord ischemia, cellular excitotoxicity, ionic dysregulation, and free radical-mediated peroxidation. SCI is featured by different forms of injury, investigating the pathology and degree of clinical diagnosis and treatment strategies, the animal models that have allowed us to better understand this entity and, finally, the role of new diagnostic and prognostic tools such as miRNA could improve our ability to manage this pathological entity. Autopsy could benefit from improvements in miRNA research: the specificity and sensitivity of miRNAs could help physicians in determining the cause of death, besides the time of death.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1651786
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