NASICON-type Li1+xAlxTi2-x(PO4)3 (LATP) is a promising solid electrolyte (SE) candidate for next-generation solid-state batteries. However, its use in solid-state composite electrodes is inhibited by its stiffness, which results in poor interparticle contact unless high-temperature treatments are applied. The poor LATP-LATP and LATP-active material in the positive electrode (cathode) composite produced at ambient temperature yield poor ionic conductivity, impeding the electrode's performance. Herein, we focus on the optimization of the electrochemical performance of LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (NCM811)-LATP composite electrodes made by tape casting, taking advantage of a small fraction of an ionic liquid electrolyte (ILE) filling the composite cathode porosity. The incorporated LATP particles are found to closely surround the large NCM811 secondary particles, partially filling the composite electrode pores and resulting in a porosity reduction from 37 vol % (NCM811 only) to 32 vol % (NCM811-LATP). After filling up the majority of the electrode porosity with ILE, the NCM811-LATP composite electrodes offer improved capacity retention upon both long-term cycling tests (>99.3% after 200 cycles) and high-rate tests (>70% at 2 C-rate), due to the more stable LATP|NCM811 interface, and facilitated Li+ diffusion in the composite electrode bulk. Results obtained from proof-of-concepts monopolar (3.0-4.3 V) and bipolar-stacked (6.0-8.6 V) cells are reported.

Quasi-solid-state Lithium metal batteries using the LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2-Li1+xAlxTi2-x(PO4)3 composite positive electrode

Passerini, Stefano
2021

Abstract

NASICON-type Li1+xAlxTi2-x(PO4)3 (LATP) is a promising solid electrolyte (SE) candidate for next-generation solid-state batteries. However, its use in solid-state composite electrodes is inhibited by its stiffness, which results in poor interparticle contact unless high-temperature treatments are applied. The poor LATP-LATP and LATP-active material in the positive electrode (cathode) composite produced at ambient temperature yield poor ionic conductivity, impeding the electrode's performance. Herein, we focus on the optimization of the electrochemical performance of LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (NCM811)-LATP composite electrodes made by tape casting, taking advantage of a small fraction of an ionic liquid electrolyte (ILE) filling the composite cathode porosity. The incorporated LATP particles are found to closely surround the large NCM811 secondary particles, partially filling the composite electrode pores and resulting in a porosity reduction from 37 vol % (NCM811 only) to 32 vol % (NCM811-LATP). After filling up the majority of the electrode porosity with ILE, the NCM811-LATP composite electrodes offer improved capacity retention upon both long-term cycling tests (>99.3% after 200 cycles) and high-rate tests (>70% at 2 C-rate), due to the more stable LATP|NCM811 interface, and facilitated Li+ diffusion in the composite electrode bulk. Results obtained from proof-of-concepts monopolar (3.0-4.3 V) and bipolar-stacked (6.0-8.6 V) cells are reported.
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
ZhenChen_Quasi-Solid-State_2021.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Note: full paper
Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 4.75 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
4.75 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1651538
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact