The morphology of the summit of Nevado del Ruiz volcano (Colombia) and its active Arenas crater is the product of complex interactions between effusive and explosive eruptions, and the dynamics of the summit glacier. Here, we document the morphologic evolution of the summit of Nevado del Ruiz, and the growth of its dome, from a variety of methods: monitoring data (2010 to 2021), photogrammetry, remote sensing, and quantitative modeling. The present morphology of Arenas crater, with small terraces limited by the walls of the crater, various vents of ash emission, and zones of fumarolic activity, has been shaped by the activity following the eruptions of 1845, 1985, 1989, 2012 and the volcanic unrest of the last 10 years. The latest emplacement of a lava dome at the bottom of the main crater began in 2015. The dome grew, with fluctuations in its extrusion rate between ~0.19 m3/s (November 2015) and 0.02 m3/s (February 2018), until December 2019, reaching a diameter of ~130 m, a maximum height of ~60 m, and a volume of 1.7 ± 0.2 × 106 m3.

The new lava dome growth of Nevado del Ruiz (2015–2021)

Maurizio Battaglia
Ultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
2022

Abstract

The morphology of the summit of Nevado del Ruiz volcano (Colombia) and its active Arenas crater is the product of complex interactions between effusive and explosive eruptions, and the dynamics of the summit glacier. Here, we document the morphologic evolution of the summit of Nevado del Ruiz, and the growth of its dome, from a variety of methods: monitoring data (2010 to 2021), photogrammetry, remote sensing, and quantitative modeling. The present morphology of Arenas crater, with small terraces limited by the walls of the crater, various vents of ash emission, and zones of fumarolic activity, has been shaped by the activity following the eruptions of 1845, 1985, 1989, 2012 and the volcanic unrest of the last 10 years. The latest emplacement of a lava dome at the bottom of the main crater began in 2015. The dome grew, with fluctuations in its extrusion rate between ~0.19 m3/s (November 2015) and 0.02 m3/s (February 2018), until December 2019, reaching a diameter of ~130 m, a maximum height of ~60 m, and a volume of 1.7 ± 0.2 × 106 m3.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1651460
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