The performances of a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar, employing 16 equivalent antennas, and multiple-input single-output (MISO) radar, employing 10 antennas, for through-the-wall imaging applications are analyzed. In particular, imaging algorithms based on the Fourier transform (FT) and the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) available in the literature are compared with the FT-MUSIC hybrid algorithm recently developed by the authors. Three different investigations have been performed. The first, performed analytically, refers to a scenario in which a point scatterer is placed in free space, and the second, addressed numerically using the CST full-wave software, refers to a scenario in which two targets are present, while the last was executed in a real scenario where a metal panel is placed behind a tuff wall. All the algorithms and radar configurations were found to be suitable for accurately reconstructing the position of the investigated target. In particular, applying the FT technique, the MISO configuration has a lower cross-range half-power beamwidths (HPBW) than the MIMO one, while the range HPBW is the same for the two radar configurations. Despite the different number of elements present in the two radar configurations, similar range and cross-range HPBW are obtained for both configurations when MUSIC and FT-MUSIC techniques are employed. The field of view for FT and FT-MUSIC is about 45°, while it is less than 15° for the MUSIC algorithm. The HPBWs obtained with the experimental setup are very close to those obtained in the analytical study. Finally, the proposed experimental MISO radar acquires the data in half the time required by the MIMO one. The numerical results, confirmed by the experimental measurements, seem to indicate in the FT-MUSIC technique the one that provides the best performance for the considered radar configurations.

A comparison between multiple-input multiple-output and multiple-input single-output radar configurations for through-the-wall imaging applications / Pisa, S.; Cicchetti, R.; Piuzzi, E.; Testa, O.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION. - ISSN 1687-5869. - (2022), pp. 1-12. [10.1155/2022/3887314]

A comparison between multiple-input multiple-output and multiple-input single-output radar configurations for through-the-wall imaging applications

Pisa S.
;
Cicchetti R.;Piuzzi E.;Testa O.
2022

Abstract

The performances of a multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar, employing 16 equivalent antennas, and multiple-input single-output (MISO) radar, employing 10 antennas, for through-the-wall imaging applications are analyzed. In particular, imaging algorithms based on the Fourier transform (FT) and the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) available in the literature are compared with the FT-MUSIC hybrid algorithm recently developed by the authors. Three different investigations have been performed. The first, performed analytically, refers to a scenario in which a point scatterer is placed in free space, and the second, addressed numerically using the CST full-wave software, refers to a scenario in which two targets are present, while the last was executed in a real scenario where a metal panel is placed behind a tuff wall. All the algorithms and radar configurations were found to be suitable for accurately reconstructing the position of the investigated target. In particular, applying the FT technique, the MISO configuration has a lower cross-range half-power beamwidths (HPBW) than the MIMO one, while the range HPBW is the same for the two radar configurations. Despite the different number of elements present in the two radar configurations, similar range and cross-range HPBW are obtained for both configurations when MUSIC and FT-MUSIC techniques are employed. The field of view for FT and FT-MUSIC is about 45°, while it is less than 15° for the MUSIC algorithm. The HPBWs obtained with the experimental setup are very close to those obtained in the analytical study. Finally, the proposed experimental MISO radar acquires the data in half the time required by the MIMO one. The numerical results, confirmed by the experimental measurements, seem to indicate in the FT-MUSIC technique the one that provides the best performance for the considered radar configurations.
2022
through-the-Wall Imaging; multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar; multiple-input single-output (MISO) radar; Fourier transform (FT); multiple signal classifcation (MUSIC); FT-MUSIC hybrid algorithm
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
A comparison between multiple-input multiple-output and multiple-input single-output radar configurations for through-the-wall imaging applications / Pisa, S.; Cicchetti, R.; Piuzzi, E.; Testa, O.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION. - ISSN 1687-5869. - (2022), pp. 1-12. [10.1155/2022/3887314]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1650796
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