Ultrasound often represents the first diagnostic step for thyroid nodule evaluation in clinical practice, but baseline US alone is not always effective enough to achieve thyroid nodule characterization. In the last decades new ultrasound techniques, such as CEUS, have been introduced to evaluate thyroid parenchyma as recommended by EFSUMB guidelines, for use in clinical research field, although its role is not yet clear. Several papers show the potential utility of CEUS in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules and in the analysis of lymph node involvement in neoplastic pathology. Therefore, we carried out an evaluation of the literature concerning the role of CEUS in three specific areas: the characterization of the thyroid nodule, the evaluation of minimally invasive treatment and loco‐regional staging of the lymph node in proven thyroid cancer. According to evidence reported, CEUS can also play an operative role in nodular thyroid pathology as it is able to guide ablation procedures on thyroid nodule and metastatic lymph nodes, to assess the radicality of surgery, to evaluate disease relapse at the level of the margins of ablated regions and to monitor the clinical evolution of necrotic areas in immediate post‐treatment setting.

The role of ceus in the evaluation of thyroid cancer: from diagnosis to local staging / Sorrenti, S.; Dolcetti, V.; Fresilli, D.; Del Gaudio, G.; Pacini, P.; Huang, P.; Camponovo, C.; Leoncini, A.; D'Andrea, V.; Pironi, D.; Frattaroli, F.; Trimboli, P.; Radzina, M.; Cantisani, V.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 10:19(2021). [10.3390/jcm10194559]

The role of ceus in the evaluation of thyroid cancer: from diagnosis to local staging

Sorrenti S.
Primo
;
Dolcetti V.
Secondo
;
Fresilli D.;Del Gaudio G.;Pacini P.;D'andrea V.;Pironi D.;Frattaroli F.;Trimboli P.;Cantisani V.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Ultrasound often represents the first diagnostic step for thyroid nodule evaluation in clinical practice, but baseline US alone is not always effective enough to achieve thyroid nodule characterization. In the last decades new ultrasound techniques, such as CEUS, have been introduced to evaluate thyroid parenchyma as recommended by EFSUMB guidelines, for use in clinical research field, although its role is not yet clear. Several papers show the potential utility of CEUS in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid nodules and in the analysis of lymph node involvement in neoplastic pathology. Therefore, we carried out an evaluation of the literature concerning the role of CEUS in three specific areas: the characterization of the thyroid nodule, the evaluation of minimally invasive treatment and loco‐regional staging of the lymph node in proven thyroid cancer. According to evidence reported, CEUS can also play an operative role in nodular thyroid pathology as it is able to guide ablation procedures on thyroid nodule and metastatic lymph nodes, to assess the radicality of surgery, to evaluate disease relapse at the level of the margins of ablated regions and to monitor the clinical evolution of necrotic areas in immediate post‐treatment setting.
2021
CEUS; lymph node; RF ablation; thyroid nodule; thyroid nodule diagnosis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
The role of ceus in the evaluation of thyroid cancer: from diagnosis to local staging / Sorrenti, S.; Dolcetti, V.; Fresilli, D.; Del Gaudio, G.; Pacini, P.; Huang, P.; Camponovo, C.; Leoncini, A.; D'Andrea, V.; Pironi, D.; Frattaroli, F.; Trimboli, P.; Radzina, M.; Cantisani, V.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 10:19(2021). [10.3390/jcm10194559]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1648196
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