The phosphorylated neurofilament heavy chain (pNfH) is a promising biomarker in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We examined plasma pNfH concentrations in order to corroborate its role as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in ALS. Incident ALS cases enrolled in a population- based registry were retrospectively selected and matched by sex and age with a cohort of healthy volunteers. Plasma pNfH levels were measured by an ELISA kit and correlated with clinical parameters. Discrimination ability of pNfH was tested using receiving operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Kaplan–Meier (KM) analysis and Cox proportional hazard models were used for sur-vival analysis. Plasma pNfH was significantly higher in patients compared to controls. An optimal cut-off of 39.74 pg/ml discriminated cases from controls with an elevated sensitivity and specificity. Bulbar-onset cases had higher plasma pNfH compared to spinal onset (p= 0.0033). Furthermore, plasma pNfH positively correlated with dis-ease progression rate (r= 0.19, p= 0.031). Baseline plasma pNfH did not influence survival in our cohort. Our findings confirmed the potential utility of plasma pNfH as a diagnostic biomarker in ALS. However, further studies with longitudinal data are needed to corroborate its prognostic value.

Role of plasma phosphorylated neurofilament heavy chain (pNfH) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis / Zecca, Chiara; Dell’Abate, Maria Teresa; Pasculli, Giuseppe; Capozzo, Rosa; Barone, Roberta; Arima, Serena; Pollice, Alessio; Brescia, Vincenzo; Tortelli, Rosanna; Logroscino, Giancarlo. - In: JOURNAL OF CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR MEDICINE. - ISSN 1582-1838. - (2022). [10.1111/jcmm.17232]

Role of plasma phosphorylated neurofilament heavy chain (pNfH) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Pasculli, Giuseppe;
2022

Abstract

The phosphorylated neurofilament heavy chain (pNfH) is a promising biomarker in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We examined plasma pNfH concentrations in order to corroborate its role as a diagnostic and prognostic biomarker in ALS. Incident ALS cases enrolled in a population- based registry were retrospectively selected and matched by sex and age with a cohort of healthy volunteers. Plasma pNfH levels were measured by an ELISA kit and correlated with clinical parameters. Discrimination ability of pNfH was tested using receiving operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Kaplan–Meier (KM) analysis and Cox proportional hazard models were used for sur-vival analysis. Plasma pNfH was significantly higher in patients compared to controls. An optimal cut-off of 39.74 pg/ml discriminated cases from controls with an elevated sensitivity and specificity. Bulbar-onset cases had higher plasma pNfH compared to spinal onset (p= 0.0033). Furthermore, plasma pNfH positively correlated with dis-ease progression rate (r= 0.19, p= 0.031). Baseline plasma pNfH did not influence survival in our cohort. Our findings confirmed the potential utility of plasma pNfH as a diagnostic biomarker in ALS. However, further studies with longitudinal data are needed to corroborate its prognostic value.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1648128
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