Patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and macrovascular invasion (MVI) have dismal prognosis and are referred to systemic treatment or palliation. To investigate the outcomes of patients with HCC and MVI undergoing the associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) procedure. Demographics and operative data were retrospectively reviewed. All types of hepatectomies and all types of ALPPS modifcations were included. MVI was categorized according to the Japanese Liver Cancer Study Group classifcation. 28 patients were included. Viral aetiology was the most common cause of chronic liver disease (89.3%). 85.7% of patients were cirrhotic, with a median MELD score of 9 (7–10). MVI of the hepatic veins or inferior vena cava was diagnosed in 46.4% of patients while portal vein involve- ment was present in 64.2% of cases. Four patients (14.2%) were diagnosed with bile duct involvement. No patients died after Step 1 while complications occurred in 21.4% of cases. Following step 2, 3 patients (11.5%) died and 20 (69.2%) developed complications. Grade B and C post-hepatectomy liver failure occurred in 57.6% and 11.5% of patients, respectively. After a median follow-up of 18 months (7–35), median survival was 22 months (3–40). Eleven patients (39.3%) recurred. Median disease-free survival was 15 months (5–26). The ALPPS procedure is an extreme rescue approach in otherwise inoperable advanced HCC with MVI. The procedure is associated with high morbidity and mortality and patients’ selection is pivotal. Oncological outcomes are safe and should be further investigated.

Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with macrovascular invasion / Berardi, Giammauro; Guglielmo, Nicola; Angrisani, Marco; Colasanti, Marco; Ferretti, Stefano; Pecoraro, Alessandra; Mariano, Germano; Gasparoli, Camilla; Lucarini, Alessio; Maria Ettorre, Giuseppe. - In: UPDATES IN SURGERY. - ISSN 2038-3312. - (2022). [10.1007/s13304-022-01277-7]

Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma with macrovascular invasion

Giammauro Berardi;nicola guglielmo;marco colasanti;stefano ferretti;alessandra pecoraro;germano mariano;alessio lucarini;
2022

Abstract

Patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and macrovascular invasion (MVI) have dismal prognosis and are referred to systemic treatment or palliation. To investigate the outcomes of patients with HCC and MVI undergoing the associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) procedure. Demographics and operative data were retrospectively reviewed. All types of hepatectomies and all types of ALPPS modifcations were included. MVI was categorized according to the Japanese Liver Cancer Study Group classifcation. 28 patients were included. Viral aetiology was the most common cause of chronic liver disease (89.3%). 85.7% of patients were cirrhotic, with a median MELD score of 9 (7–10). MVI of the hepatic veins or inferior vena cava was diagnosed in 46.4% of patients while portal vein involve- ment was present in 64.2% of cases. Four patients (14.2%) were diagnosed with bile duct involvement. No patients died after Step 1 while complications occurred in 21.4% of cases. Following step 2, 3 patients (11.5%) died and 20 (69.2%) developed complications. Grade B and C post-hepatectomy liver failure occurred in 57.6% and 11.5% of patients, respectively. After a median follow-up of 18 months (7–35), median survival was 22 months (3–40). Eleven patients (39.3%) recurred. Median disease-free survival was 15 months (5–26). The ALPPS procedure is an extreme rescue approach in otherwise inoperable advanced HCC with MVI. The procedure is associated with high morbidity and mortality and patients’ selection is pivotal. Oncological outcomes are safe and should be further investigated.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1647933
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