The Holocene morpho-stratigraphic evolution of a compound submarine deltaic system linked with the Antas and Almanzora Rivers on the narrow (< 5 km) shelf along the Palomares margin (southeastern Iberia) has been reconstructed from the integrated analysis of geomorphology, seismo-stratigraphy and sedimentology. The shelf morphology is characterized by a 3–4 km wide deltaic body off the Almanzora River, where seafloor undulations and gullies are present. Larger and more incised gullies, crescent-shaped bedforms and pockmarks are recognizable at or close to the head of shelf-indenting canyons associated with the Almanzora-Garrucha canyon system. The seismo-stratigraphy displays a strong and irregular basal reflector overlain by a sedimentary wedge, showing variable thicknesses (1–25 m) and seismic characteristics along and across the shelf. The main depocenter of this wedge is not located off the Almanzora River mouth (i.e., the main sedimentary input in the study area) but along the southern shelf encompassing the Almanzora and Antas Rivers. Grain-size and sand compositional analyses show that silty sand with high terrigenous content (mostly quartz and mica) is mainly found on the submarine deltaic body. In contrast, sandy silt with variable ratios between terrigenous and biogenic contents is retrieved from the canyon head and associated gullies as well as from the surrounding mid-outer shelf. The evolution of the Antas-Almanzora compound delta has been divided into three evolutionary stages, mainly driven by the interplay between paleo-topography and riverine and marine processes and modulated by sea level changes during the Holocene. The origin of the present-day morphological features is also discussed, again highlighting a complex interaction between sedimentary gravity flows (mainly flash flood-generated hyperpycnal flows), storm-waves and shelf currents, fluid seepage and retrogressive slope failures.

Holocene morpho-stratigraphic evolution of a compound submarine deltaic system in front of the shelf-incising Almanzora and Garrucha Canyons (Palomares margin, southeastern Iberia) / Casalbore, D.; Biancone, M.; Casas, D.; Mata, P.; Alonso, B.; Ercilla, G.; Chiocci, F. L.; Barcenas, P.; Lopez-Gonzalez, N.. - In: MARINE GEOLOGY. - ISSN 0025-3227. - 444:(2022). [10.1016/j.margeo.2021.106708]

Holocene morpho-stratigraphic evolution of a compound submarine deltaic system in front of the shelf-incising Almanzora and Garrucha Canyons (Palomares margin, southeastern Iberia)

Casalbore D.
Primo
;
Chiocci F. L.;
2022

Abstract

The Holocene morpho-stratigraphic evolution of a compound submarine deltaic system linked with the Antas and Almanzora Rivers on the narrow (< 5 km) shelf along the Palomares margin (southeastern Iberia) has been reconstructed from the integrated analysis of geomorphology, seismo-stratigraphy and sedimentology. The shelf morphology is characterized by a 3–4 km wide deltaic body off the Almanzora River, where seafloor undulations and gullies are present. Larger and more incised gullies, crescent-shaped bedforms and pockmarks are recognizable at or close to the head of shelf-indenting canyons associated with the Almanzora-Garrucha canyon system. The seismo-stratigraphy displays a strong and irregular basal reflector overlain by a sedimentary wedge, showing variable thicknesses (1–25 m) and seismic characteristics along and across the shelf. The main depocenter of this wedge is not located off the Almanzora River mouth (i.e., the main sedimentary input in the study area) but along the southern shelf encompassing the Almanzora and Antas Rivers. Grain-size and sand compositional analyses show that silty sand with high terrigenous content (mostly quartz and mica) is mainly found on the submarine deltaic body. In contrast, sandy silt with variable ratios between terrigenous and biogenic contents is retrieved from the canyon head and associated gullies as well as from the surrounding mid-outer shelf. The evolution of the Antas-Almanzora compound delta has been divided into three evolutionary stages, mainly driven by the interplay between paleo-topography and riverine and marine processes and modulated by sea level changes during the Holocene. The origin of the present-day morphological features is also discussed, again highlighting a complex interaction between sedimentary gravity flows (mainly flash flood-generated hyperpycnal flows), storm-waves and shelf currents, fluid seepage and retrogressive slope failures.
2022
Bedforms; Gullies; Hyperpycnal flows; Hypopycnal flows; Prodelta; Sediment supply; Western Mediterranean
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Holocene morpho-stratigraphic evolution of a compound submarine deltaic system in front of the shelf-incising Almanzora and Garrucha Canyons (Palomares margin, southeastern Iberia) / Casalbore, D.; Biancone, M.; Casas, D.; Mata, P.; Alonso, B.; Ercilla, G.; Chiocci, F. L.; Barcenas, P.; Lopez-Gonzalez, N.. - In: MARINE GEOLOGY. - ISSN 0025-3227. - 444:(2022). [10.1016/j.margeo.2021.106708]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1646268
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