Plasma small RNAs have been recently explored as biomarkers in Huntington’s disease (HD). We performed an exploratory study on nine HD patients, eight healthy subjects (HS), and five psychiatric patients (PP; to control for iatrogenic confounder effects) through an Affymetrix-Gene-Chip-miRNA-Array. We validated the results in an independent population of 23 HD, 15 pre-HD, 24 PP, 28 Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients (to control the disease-specificity) and 22 HS through real-time PCR. The microarray results showed higher levels of U13 small nucleolar RNA (SNORD13) in HD patients than controls (fold change 1.54, p = 0.003 HD vs. HS, and 1.44, p = 0.0026 HD vs. PP). In the validation population, a significant increase emerged with respect to both pre-HD and the control groups (p < 0.0001). SNORD13 correlated with the status of the mutant huntingtin carrier (r = 0.73; p < 0.001) and the disease duration (r = 0.59; p = 0.003). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed the high accuracy of SNORD13 in discriminating HD patients from other groups (AUC = 0.963). An interactome and pathway analysis on SNORD13 revealed enrichments for factors relevant to HD pathogenesis. We report the unprecedented finding of a potential disease-specific role of SNORD13 in HD. It seems to peripherally report a ‘tipping point’ in the pathogenic cascade at the neuronal level.

Plasma small RNAs have been recently explored as biomarkers in Huntington’s disease (HD). We performed an exploratory study on nine HD patients, eight healthy subjects (HS), and five psychiatric patients (PP; to control for iatrogenic confounder effects) through an Affymetrix-Gene-Chip-miRNA-Array. We validated the results in an independent population of 23 HD, 15 pre-HD, 24 PP, 28 Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients (to control the disease-specificity) and 22 HS through real-time PCR. The microarray results showed higher levels of U13 small nucleolar RNA (SNORD13) in HD patients than controls (fold change 1.54, p = 0.003 HD vs. HS, and 1.44, p = 0.0026 HD vs. PP). In the validation population, a significant increase emerged with respect to both pre-HD and the control groups (p < 0.0001). SNORD13 correlated with the status of the mutant huntingtin carrier (r = 0.73; p < 0.001) and the disease duration (r = 0.59; p = 0.003). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed the high accuracy of SNORD13 in discriminating HD patients from other groups (AUC = 0.963). An interactome and pathway analysis on SNORD13 revealed enrichments for factors relevant to HD pathogenesis. We report the unprecedented finding of a potential disease-specific role of SNORD13 in HD. It seems to peripherally report a ‘tipping point’ in the pathogenic cascade at the neuronal level. Methods Through Affymetrix Gene-Chip-miRNA-Array we performed an exploratory study on 9 HD patients, 8 healthy subjects (HS) and 5 psychiatric patients (PP; who share drugs with HD patients, to control for iatrogenic effects). Through real time PCR we validated the results in an independent population of 24 HD patients, 15 pre-HD, 24 PP, 28 Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients (added to control the disease-specificity of our finding) and 23 HS. A bioinformatic analysis was also performed to interpret our finding. Results The microarray results showed a significant signal for U13 small nucleolar RNA (SNORD13) that was increased in plasma of HD patients compared to controls (fold change, 1.54, p =0.003 HD vs. HS, and fold change 1.44 p = 0.0026 HD vs. PP). In the validation population the significant increase in HD patients was evident compared to both pre-HD and the three control groups (p<0.00001). The plasma levels of SNORD13 correlated with the status of mutant huntingtin carrier and the disease duration (respectively R=0.69; p<0.000001; R=0.49; p=0.015). Through receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, we showed high accuracy of plasmatic SNORD13 in discriminating HD patients from pre-HD and control groups (AUC=0.963), outperforming values reported in another study for intrathecal or plasmatic mutant huntingtin and neurofilament light chain as biomarkers of overt HD. The bioinformatic analysis on SNORD13 interactome and pathway analysis showed enrichments for factors involved in nuclear functions beyond the ribosome biogenesis. Discussion We report the unprecedented finding of a potential role of small nucleolar RNAs in HD. Circulating SNORD13 seems a good biomarker for clinical purposes. It seems to be specific for HD and to peripherally report a plausible ‘tipping point’ in the pathogenic cascade at neuronal level, possibly paving the way for new therapeutic targets.

Circulating U13 Small Nucleolar RNA as a Potential Biomarker in Huntington’s Disease: A Pilot Study / Romano, Silvia; Romano, Carmela; Peconi, Martina; Fiore, Alessia; Bellucci, Gianmarco; Morena, Emanuele; Troili, Fernanda; Cipollini, Virginia; Annibali, Viviana; Giglio, Simona; Mechelli, Rosella; Ferraldeschi, Michela; Veneziano, Liana; Mantuano, Elide; Sani, Gabriele; Vecchione, Andrea; Umeton, Renato; Giubilei, Franco; Salvetti, Marco; Corbo, Rosa Maria; Scarabino, Daniela; Ristori, Giovanni. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 23:20(2022), p. 12440. [10.3390/ijms232012440]

Circulating U13 Small Nucleolar RNA as a Potential Biomarker in Huntington’s Disease: A Pilot Study

Romano, Silvia
Primo
;
Romano, Carmela;Peconi, Martina;Fiore, Alessia;Bellucci, Gianmarco;Morena, Emanuele;Troili, Fernanda;Cipollini, Virginia;Annibali, Viviana;Giglio, Simona;Mechelli, Rosella;Ferraldeschi, Michela;Sani, Gabriele;Vecchione, Andrea;Umeton, Renato;Giubilei, Franco;Salvetti, Marco;Corbo, Rosa Maria;Ristori, Giovanni
2022

Abstract

Plasma small RNAs have been recently explored as biomarkers in Huntington’s disease (HD). We performed an exploratory study on nine HD patients, eight healthy subjects (HS), and five psychiatric patients (PP; to control for iatrogenic confounder effects) through an Affymetrix-Gene-Chip-miRNA-Array. We validated the results in an independent population of 23 HD, 15 pre-HD, 24 PP, 28 Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients (to control the disease-specificity) and 22 HS through real-time PCR. The microarray results showed higher levels of U13 small nucleolar RNA (SNORD13) in HD patients than controls (fold change 1.54, p = 0.003 HD vs. HS, and 1.44, p = 0.0026 HD vs. PP). In the validation population, a significant increase emerged with respect to both pre-HD and the control groups (p < 0.0001). SNORD13 correlated with the status of the mutant huntingtin carrier (r = 0.73; p < 0.001) and the disease duration (r = 0.59; p = 0.003). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed the high accuracy of SNORD13 in discriminating HD patients from other groups (AUC = 0.963). An interactome and pathway analysis on SNORD13 revealed enrichments for factors relevant to HD pathogenesis. We report the unprecedented finding of a potential disease-specific role of SNORD13 in HD. It seems to peripherally report a ‘tipping point’ in the pathogenic cascade at the neuronal level.
2022
Plasma small RNAs have been recently explored as biomarkers in Huntington’s disease (HD). We performed an exploratory study on nine HD patients, eight healthy subjects (HS), and five psychiatric patients (PP; to control for iatrogenic confounder effects) through an Affymetrix-Gene-Chip-miRNA-Array. We validated the results in an independent population of 23 HD, 15 pre-HD, 24 PP, 28 Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients (to control the disease-specificity) and 22 HS through real-time PCR. The microarray results showed higher levels of U13 small nucleolar RNA (SNORD13) in HD patients than controls (fold change 1.54, p = 0.003 HD vs. HS, and 1.44, p = 0.0026 HD vs. PP). In the validation population, a significant increase emerged with respect to both pre-HD and the control groups (p &lt; 0.0001). SNORD13 correlated with the status of the mutant huntingtin carrier (r = 0.73; p &lt; 0.001) and the disease duration (r = 0.59; p = 0.003). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed the high accuracy of SNORD13 in discriminating HD patients from other groups (AUC = 0.963). An interactome and pathway analysis on SNORD13 revealed enrichments for factors relevant to HD pathogenesis. We report the unprecedented finding of a potential disease-specific role of SNORD13 in HD. It seems to peripherally report a ‘tipping point’ in the pathogenic cascade at the neuronal level. Methods Through Affymetrix Gene-Chip-miRNA-Array we performed an exploratory study on 9 HD patients, 8 healthy subjects (HS) and 5 psychiatric patients (PP; who share drugs with HD patients, to control for iatrogenic effects). Through real time PCR we validated the results in an independent population of 24 HD patients, 15 pre-HD, 24 PP, 28 Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients (added to control the disease-specificity of our finding) and 23 HS. A bioinformatic analysis was also performed to interpret our finding. Results The microarray results showed a significant signal for U13 small nucleolar RNA (SNORD13) that was increased in plasma of HD patients compared to controls (fold change, 1.54, p =0.003 HD vs. HS, and fold change 1.44 p = 0.0026 HD vs. PP). In the validation population the significant increase in HD patients was evident compared to both pre-HD and the three control groups (p&lt;0.00001). The plasma levels of SNORD13 correlated with the status of mutant huntingtin carrier and the disease duration (respectively R=0.69; p&lt;0.000001; R=0.49; p=0.015). Through receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, we showed high accuracy of plasmatic SNORD13 in discriminating HD patients from pre-HD and control groups (AUC=0.963), outperforming values reported in another study for intrathecal or plasmatic mutant huntingtin and neurofilament light chain as biomarkers of overt HD. The bioinformatic analysis on SNORD13 interactome and pathway analysis showed enrichments for factors involved in nuclear functions beyond the ribosome biogenesis. Discussion We report the unprecedented finding of a potential role of small nucleolar RNAs in HD. Circulating SNORD13 seems a good biomarker for clinical purposes. It seems to be specific for HD and to peripherally report a plausible ‘tipping point’ in the pathogenic cascade at neuronal level, possibly paving the way for new therapeutic targets.
fluid biomarkers; small circulating non-coding RNAs; small nucleolar RNAs; Huntington’s disease
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Circulating U13 Small Nucleolar RNA as a Potential Biomarker in Huntington’s Disease: A Pilot Study / Romano, Silvia; Romano, Carmela; Peconi, Martina; Fiore, Alessia; Bellucci, Gianmarco; Morena, Emanuele; Troili, Fernanda; Cipollini, Virginia; Annibali, Viviana; Giglio, Simona; Mechelli, Rosella; Ferraldeschi, Michela; Veneziano, Liana; Mantuano, Elide; Sani, Gabriele; Vecchione, Andrea; Umeton, Renato; Giubilei, Franco; Salvetti, Marco; Corbo, Rosa Maria; Scarabino, Daniela; Ristori, Giovanni. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 23:20(2022), p. 12440. [10.3390/ijms232012440]
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