Objectives: Since the onset of the COVID-19 outbreak, concern has been raised about reliability of SARS-CoV-2 serological tests in people with serum positivity for rheumatoid factor (RF), due to its ability to interfere during tests carried out with immunoassay techniques, leading to false positive results. The aim of this study was to analyse, on sera from RF seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, the interference between RF IgM and anti-S1 RBD IgM. Methods: The study was conducted on consecutive patients affected by RF seropositive RA and, as control group, COVID-19 patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia hospitalised at Sapienza University of Rome from April 2020 and April 2021. Serum samples from COVID-19 patients during their hospitalisation were collected, while RA subjects' samples were harvested prior to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. All samples were tested for RF IgM using nephelometry and ELIA, and for anti-S1 RBD IgM by ELISA. Results: Forty RF seropositive RA and 42 COVID-19 patients were enrolled. In all RA patients, both nephelometric assay and ELIA showed RF IgM positivity, while only one patient of the control group tested positive for RF IgM by nephelometric assay and ELIA. IgM directed to S1 RBD were not detected in sera of RA patients, while all COVID-19 patients presented anti-S1 RBD IgM (median anti-S1 RBD IgM COVID-19 vs. RA: 368.5 IU/mL, IQR 654 IU/mL vs. 18.45 IU/mL, IQR 20 IU/mL; p<0.0001). Conclusions: This study confirmed the lack of cross-reactivity between RF and anti-S1 RBD IgM, offering to clinicians a valuable tool for a better management of RA patients undergoing SARSCoV-2 serological tests.

Lack of cross-reactivity between rheumatoid factor IgM and anti-S1 receptor binding domain of SARS-CoV-2 IgM: a case-control study / Pellegrino, Greta; Mancuso, Silvia; Colasanti, Tania; Mieli, Stefania; Gioia, Chiara; Izzo, Raffaella; Pignatelli, Pasquale; Ciardi, Maria Rosa; Alessandri, Cristiano; Conti, Fabrizio; Riccieri, Valeria. - In: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0392-856X. - (2022). [10.55563/clinexprheumatol/irb45o]

Lack of cross-reactivity between rheumatoid factor IgM and anti-S1 receptor binding domain of SARS-CoV-2 IgM: a case-control study

Pellegrino, Greta
Primo
;
Mancuso, Silvia;Colasanti, Tania
Secondo
;
Mieli, Stefania;Gioia, Chiara;Izzo, Raffaella;Pignatelli, Pasquale;Ciardi, Maria Rosa;Alessandri, Cristiano;Conti, Fabrizio;Riccieri, Valeria
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Objectives: Since the onset of the COVID-19 outbreak, concern has been raised about reliability of SARS-CoV-2 serological tests in people with serum positivity for rheumatoid factor (RF), due to its ability to interfere during tests carried out with immunoassay techniques, leading to false positive results. The aim of this study was to analyse, on sera from RF seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, the interference between RF IgM and anti-S1 RBD IgM. Methods: The study was conducted on consecutive patients affected by RF seropositive RA and, as control group, COVID-19 patients with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia hospitalised at Sapienza University of Rome from April 2020 and April 2021. Serum samples from COVID-19 patients during their hospitalisation were collected, while RA subjects' samples were harvested prior to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. All samples were tested for RF IgM using nephelometry and ELIA, and for anti-S1 RBD IgM by ELISA. Results: Forty RF seropositive RA and 42 COVID-19 patients were enrolled. In all RA patients, both nephelometric assay and ELIA showed RF IgM positivity, while only one patient of the control group tested positive for RF IgM by nephelometric assay and ELIA. IgM directed to S1 RBD were not detected in sera of RA patients, while all COVID-19 patients presented anti-S1 RBD IgM (median anti-S1 RBD IgM COVID-19 vs. RA: 368.5 IU/mL, IQR 654 IU/mL vs. 18.45 IU/mL, IQR 20 IU/mL; p<0.0001). Conclusions: This study confirmed the lack of cross-reactivity between RF and anti-S1 RBD IgM, offering to clinicians a valuable tool for a better management of RA patients undergoing SARSCoV-2 serological tests.
Rheumatoid factor IgM, spike protein S1 receptor-binding domain IgM, SARS CoV-2, rheumatoid arthritis, COVID-19
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Lack of cross-reactivity between rheumatoid factor IgM and anti-S1 receptor binding domain of SARS-CoV-2 IgM: a case-control study / Pellegrino, Greta; Mancuso, Silvia; Colasanti, Tania; Mieli, Stefania; Gioia, Chiara; Izzo, Raffaella; Pignatelli, Pasquale; Ciardi, Maria Rosa; Alessandri, Cristiano; Conti, Fabrizio; Riccieri, Valeria. - In: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0392-856X. - (2022). [10.55563/clinexprheumatol/irb45o]
File allegati a questo prodotto
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1640550
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact