According to several influential models, dreams can be affected by state- and trait-like factors, sleep features, and diurnal experiences. The COVID-19 pandemic globally affected daily habits, emotional experiences, and sleep. Previous studies suggested an influence of collective traumatic events on dreaming. Starting from these premises, several studies assessed the effect of the pandemic on dreams. This paper aims to review findings concerning the oneiric activity during the COVID-19 pandemic. We report pandemic-related changes in dreams and nightmares, and we consider the possible factors associated with dreaming. Moreover, we provide results about changes in the oneiric activity in different phases of the pandemic. The reviewed findings suggest a pandemic-related enhancement of dream and nightmare frequency, emotional intensity, and distressing contents, modulated by modifications in restrictive measures and associated with diurnal experiences, emotional status, and sleep pattern. We highlight several methodological issues and a large heterogeneity in the present literature, limiting results’ generalizability. However, we provide possible interpretations of the most consistent findings in light of the main theoretical frameworks about dreaming.

Dreaming During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Narrative Review / Gorgoni, Maurizio; Scarpelli, Serena; Alfonsi, Valentina; De Gennaro, Luigi. - In: NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS. - ISSN 0149-7634. - (2022), p. 104710. [10.1016/j.neubiorev.2022.104710]

Dreaming During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Narrative Review

Gorgoni, Maurizio
Primo
;
Scarpelli, Serena;Alfonsi, Valentina;De Gennaro, Luigi
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

According to several influential models, dreams can be affected by state- and trait-like factors, sleep features, and diurnal experiences. The COVID-19 pandemic globally affected daily habits, emotional experiences, and sleep. Previous studies suggested an influence of collective traumatic events on dreaming. Starting from these premises, several studies assessed the effect of the pandemic on dreams. This paper aims to review findings concerning the oneiric activity during the COVID-19 pandemic. We report pandemic-related changes in dreams and nightmares, and we consider the possible factors associated with dreaming. Moreover, we provide results about changes in the oneiric activity in different phases of the pandemic. The reviewed findings suggest a pandemic-related enhancement of dream and nightmare frequency, emotional intensity, and distressing contents, modulated by modifications in restrictive measures and associated with diurnal experiences, emotional status, and sleep pattern. We highlight several methodological issues and a large heterogeneity in the present literature, limiting results’ generalizability. However, we provide possible interpretations of the most consistent findings in light of the main theoretical frameworks about dreaming.
2022
Dream, Nightmare, Pandemic, COVID-19, Continuity hypothesis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Dreaming During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Narrative Review / Gorgoni, Maurizio; Scarpelli, Serena; Alfonsi, Valentina; De Gennaro, Luigi. - In: NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS. - ISSN 0149-7634. - (2022), p. 104710. [10.1016/j.neubiorev.2022.104710]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1640384
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