Ultrasound (US) still represents the mainstay of scrotal imaging. However, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a relatively novel, but increasingly utilized diagnostic modality. In consequence, we performed a systematic review (SR) and pooled meta-analysis to investigate the diagnostic performance of CEUS in the evaluation of testicular masses (TM). A SR up to June 2021 was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. The diagnostic performance of CEUS was evaluated basing on two different endpoints: neoplastic vs. non-neoplastic and malignant vs. benign TM. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) from eligible studies were pooled and summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curves were constructed for each endpoint. Overall, six qualified studies were deemed suitable for this meta-analysis. Diagnostic performance of CEUS showed an accuracy of 0.96 in detecting neoplastic masses (sensitivity of 0.89, PPV of 0.85, specificity of 0.62, and NPV of 0.69) and an accuracy of 0.96 in detecting malignant masses (sensitivity of 0.86, PPV of 0.73, specificity of 0.87, and NPV of 0.91). Taken together, CEUS may represent a promising minimally invasive diagnostic tool for characterization of TM, since it allows clinicians to identify neoplastic lesions and exclude malignant tumor.

The value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differentiating testicular masses: a systematic review and meta-analysis / Tufano, A.; Flammia, R. S.; Antonelli, L.; Minelli, R.; Franco, G.; Leonardo, C.; Cantisani, V.. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 11:19(2021). [10.3390/app11198990]

The value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differentiating testicular masses: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Tufano A.
Co-primo
;
Flammia R. S.
Co-primo
;
Antonelli L.;Franco G.;Leonardo C.
Penultimo
;
Cantisani V.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Ultrasound (US) still represents the mainstay of scrotal imaging. However, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a relatively novel, but increasingly utilized diagnostic modality. In consequence, we performed a systematic review (SR) and pooled meta-analysis to investigate the diagnostic performance of CEUS in the evaluation of testicular masses (TM). A SR up to June 2021 was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. The diagnostic performance of CEUS was evaluated basing on two different endpoints: neoplastic vs. non-neoplastic and malignant vs. benign TM. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) from eligible studies were pooled and summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) curves were constructed for each endpoint. Overall, six qualified studies were deemed suitable for this meta-analysis. Diagnostic performance of CEUS showed an accuracy of 0.96 in detecting neoplastic masses (sensitivity of 0.89, PPV of 0.85, specificity of 0.62, and NPV of 0.69) and an accuracy of 0.96 in detecting malignant masses (sensitivity of 0.86, PPV of 0.73, specificity of 0.87, and NPV of 0.91). Taken together, CEUS may represent a promising minimally invasive diagnostic tool for characterization of TM, since it allows clinicians to identify neoplastic lesions and exclude malignant tumor.
2021
contrast-enhanced ultrasound; testicular masses; testicular neoplasm; testis tumor
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
The value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in differentiating testicular masses: a systematic review and meta-analysis / Tufano, A.; Flammia, R. S.; Antonelli, L.; Minelli, R.; Franco, G.; Leonardo, C.; Cantisani, V.. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 11:19(2021). [10.3390/app11198990]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1639481
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