Aim: To analyze the prevalence and clinical implications of the eligibility criteria for prolonged dual antithrombotic therapy with ticagrelor 60 mg twice daily and/or rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily in a contemporary real-world ACS registry. Methods: Patients from the START-ANTIPLATELET registry (NCT02219984) were stratified according to the eligibility criteria of the PEGASUS and COMPASS studies to investigate the proportion of patients eligible for prolonged dual antithrombotic therapy at discharge and after 1-year of DAPT. Net adverse clinical events (NACE), defined as all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and major bleeding, at 1 year were also evaluated and compared among groups. Results: 1844 were considered for the analysis at baseline. Out of 849 event-free patients continually receiving dual antiplatelet therapy for at least 1 year, 577 (68%) and 583 (68.7%) met at least one eligibility criterion for ticagrelor and rivaroxaban, respectively. In the PEGASUS-like patients, age was the most common criterion (71% of cases). The presence ≥2 cardiovascular risk factors was the most common eligibility criterion in the COMPASS-like patients (80.8%). At 1-year follow-up, 211 (11.4%) and 119 (6.5%) patients experienced NACE and MACE, respectively. The incidence of NACEs was higher in the PEGASUS-only group (15.4% vs. 8.4%; p = 0.008) and numerically higher in the COMPASS-only group (10.9% vs. 8.4%; p = 0.299). Conclusions: In a contemporary real-world ACS cohort, approximately two-thirds of patients that complete 1-year DAPT met the eligibility criteria for ticagrelor 60 mg twice daily or rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily, showing a higher risk of NACEs.

Prevalence and clinical implications of eligibility criteria for prolonged dual antithrombotic therapy in patients with PEGASUS and COMPASS phenotypes. insights from the START-ANTIPLATELET registry / Cesaro, A.; Gragnano, F.; Calabro, P.; Moscarella, E.; Santelli, F.; Fimiani, F.; Patti, G.; Cavallari, I.; Antonucci, E.; Cirillo, P.; Pignatelli, P.; Palareti, G.; Pelliccia, F.; Bossone, E.; Pengo, V.; Gresele, P.; Marcucci, R.; Schiavo, A.; Vergara, A.; Pastori, D.; Menichelli, D.; Grossi, G.; Di Serafino, L.; Taglialatela, V.; del Pinto, M.; Gugliemini, G.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0167-5273. - 345:(2021), pp. 7-13. [10.1016/j.ijcard.2021.10.138]

Prevalence and clinical implications of eligibility criteria for prolonged dual antithrombotic therapy in patients with PEGASUS and COMPASS phenotypes. insights from the START-ANTIPLATELET registry

Pignatelli P.;Pelliccia F.;Pastori D.;Menichelli D.;
2021

Abstract

Aim: To analyze the prevalence and clinical implications of the eligibility criteria for prolonged dual antithrombotic therapy with ticagrelor 60 mg twice daily and/or rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily in a contemporary real-world ACS registry. Methods: Patients from the START-ANTIPLATELET registry (NCT02219984) were stratified according to the eligibility criteria of the PEGASUS and COMPASS studies to investigate the proportion of patients eligible for prolonged dual antithrombotic therapy at discharge and after 1-year of DAPT. Net adverse clinical events (NACE), defined as all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and major bleeding, at 1 year were also evaluated and compared among groups. Results: 1844 were considered for the analysis at baseline. Out of 849 event-free patients continually receiving dual antiplatelet therapy for at least 1 year, 577 (68%) and 583 (68.7%) met at least one eligibility criterion for ticagrelor and rivaroxaban, respectively. In the PEGASUS-like patients, age was the most common criterion (71% of cases). The presence ≥2 cardiovascular risk factors was the most common eligibility criterion in the COMPASS-like patients (80.8%). At 1-year follow-up, 211 (11.4%) and 119 (6.5%) patients experienced NACE and MACE, respectively. The incidence of NACEs was higher in the PEGASUS-only group (15.4% vs. 8.4%; p = 0.008) and numerically higher in the COMPASS-only group (10.9% vs. 8.4%; p = 0.299). Conclusions: In a contemporary real-world ACS cohort, approximately two-thirds of patients that complete 1-year DAPT met the eligibility criteria for ticagrelor 60 mg twice daily or rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily, showing a higher risk of NACEs.
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Cesaro_Prevalence_2021.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 1.13 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.13 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1639312
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 13
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 18
social impact