Background: Renal resistive index (RRI) measured by Doppler sonography is a marker of microvascular status and it is associated with changes in renal function. Aim of the study was to assess RRI in biopsy-proven tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) in patients with and without glomerular disease. Methods: 132 consecutive patients underwent to native renal biopsy with diagnosis of isolated TIN or in association with glomerulonephritis. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 24-hour urinary protein excretion and renal ecocolorDoppler ultrasonography with RRI assessment were performed at time of enrollment. Results: Patients with isolated-TIN had significantly higher RRI than both patients with non-immunoglobulin A glomerulonephritis (non-IgA-TIN) [0.73 (0.68-0.77) vs 0.64 (0.60-0.67), p < 0.001] and patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) [0.73 (0.68-0.77) vs 0.66 (0.60-0.71), p < 0.01]. Patients with isolated-TIN had mainly RRI ≥ 0.70 (n = 15, 65.2%) with the respect to patients with non-IgA-TIN (n = 7, 12.3%) and patients with IgAN (n = 17, 32.7%). A negative linear correlation was found between RRI and hemoglobin (r = 0.233, p < 0.01) and between RRI and eGFR (r = 0.537, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Tubulointerstitial damage is the most accurate histological lesion that correlates with eGFR and renal impairment. RRI can be a useful parameter to detect tubulointerstitial lesions.

Assessment of renal microcirculation in biopsy-proven tubulointerstitial nephritis in patients with and without glomerular disease: the role of resistive index / Gigante, Antonietta; Lai, Silvia; Pellicano, Chiara; Vezzoli, Debora; Sorato, Georgia; Rosato, Edoardo; Muscaritoli, Maurizio; Cianci, Rosario. - In: MICROVASCULAR RESEARCH. - ISSN 0026-2862. - (2022). [10.1016/j.mvr.2022.104379]

Assessment of renal microcirculation in biopsy-proven tubulointerstitial nephritis in patients with and without glomerular disease: the role of resistive index

Antonietta Gigante
Primo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Silvia Lai
Secondo
Investigation
;
Chiara Pellicano;Debora Vezzoli;Edoardo Rosato
Conceptualization
;
Maurizio Muscaritoli;Rosario Cianci
Ultimo
Supervision
2022

Abstract

Background: Renal resistive index (RRI) measured by Doppler sonography is a marker of microvascular status and it is associated with changes in renal function. Aim of the study was to assess RRI in biopsy-proven tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) in patients with and without glomerular disease. Methods: 132 consecutive patients underwent to native renal biopsy with diagnosis of isolated TIN or in association with glomerulonephritis. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), 24-hour urinary protein excretion and renal ecocolorDoppler ultrasonography with RRI assessment were performed at time of enrollment. Results: Patients with isolated-TIN had significantly higher RRI than both patients with non-immunoglobulin A glomerulonephritis (non-IgA-TIN) [0.73 (0.68-0.77) vs 0.64 (0.60-0.67), p < 0.001] and patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN) [0.73 (0.68-0.77) vs 0.66 (0.60-0.71), p < 0.01]. Patients with isolated-TIN had mainly RRI ≥ 0.70 (n = 15, 65.2%) with the respect to patients with non-IgA-TIN (n = 7, 12.3%) and patients with IgAN (n = 17, 32.7%). A negative linear correlation was found between RRI and hemoglobin (r = 0.233, p < 0.01) and between RRI and eGFR (r = 0.537, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Tubulointerstitial damage is the most accurate histological lesion that correlates with eGFR and renal impairment. RRI can be a useful parameter to detect tubulointerstitial lesions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1638922
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