AIM: To examine neuroretinal function by using the multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) test in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) without optic pathway gliomas (OPGs). METHODS: This study was conducted on 35 patients (35 eyes) with NF1 and 30 healthy subjects (30 eyes) for the control group. Each subject underwent a complete ophthalmological examination including spectral domainoptical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and mfERG. The 1.5-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain was performed in NF1 patients to assess the presence of OPGs. All participants were recruited having a best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of no less than 20/20 in each eye. The amplitude and implicit time of the P1 wave (first-order Kernel component) were evaluated on mfERG. Data analysis was carried out in the two central degrees and in the four quadrants from two to 25 degrees of visual field. RESULTS: Statistically significant results were obtained for the P1 wave amplitudes in the 4 quadrants in NF1 patients compared to healthy controls, while the reduction was not significant in the 2 central degrees between the groups. A statistically significant difference was observed among the P1 wave amplitudes as recorded in the 4 quadrants within the NF1 group, with lower amplitudes detected in the nasal quadrants. No differences in the implicit times were recorded in the 2 central degrees and in the 4 quadrants as compared between NF1 patients and controls. CONCLUSION: Impaired neuroretinal function in NF1 patients is expressed in a decreased amplitude of the P1- wave between 2 and 25 central retinal degrees on mfERG. Altered intracellular signal transduction due to abnormal neurofibromin-mediated cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) generation, can be involved. The possible use of mfERG as subclinical retinal damage indicator has a potential utility in clinical practice for the follow-up of NF1 patients.

Neuroretinal dysfunction in patients affected by neurofibromatosis type 1 / Moramarco, A.; Lucchino, L.; Mallone, F.; Marcelli, M.; Alisi, L.; Roberti, V.; Giustini, S.; Lambiase, A.; Nebbioso, M.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY. - ISSN 2222-3959. - 15:5(2022), pp. 773-779. [10.18240/ijo.2022.05.13]

Neuroretinal dysfunction in patients affected by neurofibromatosis type 1

Moramarco A.
Primo
;
Lucchino L.
Secondo
;
Mallone F.;Marcelli M.;Alisi L.;Roberti V.;Giustini S.;Lambiase A.
Penultimo
;
Nebbioso M.
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

AIM: To examine neuroretinal function by using the multifocal electroretinography (mfERG) test in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) without optic pathway gliomas (OPGs). METHODS: This study was conducted on 35 patients (35 eyes) with NF1 and 30 healthy subjects (30 eyes) for the control group. Each subject underwent a complete ophthalmological examination including spectral domainoptical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and mfERG. The 1.5-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the brain was performed in NF1 patients to assess the presence of OPGs. All participants were recruited having a best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of no less than 20/20 in each eye. The amplitude and implicit time of the P1 wave (first-order Kernel component) were evaluated on mfERG. Data analysis was carried out in the two central degrees and in the four quadrants from two to 25 degrees of visual field. RESULTS: Statistically significant results were obtained for the P1 wave amplitudes in the 4 quadrants in NF1 patients compared to healthy controls, while the reduction was not significant in the 2 central degrees between the groups. A statistically significant difference was observed among the P1 wave amplitudes as recorded in the 4 quadrants within the NF1 group, with lower amplitudes detected in the nasal quadrants. No differences in the implicit times were recorded in the 2 central degrees and in the 4 quadrants as compared between NF1 patients and controls. CONCLUSION: Impaired neuroretinal function in NF1 patients is expressed in a decreased amplitude of the P1- wave between 2 and 25 central retinal degrees on mfERG. Altered intracellular signal transduction due to abnormal neurofibromin-mediated cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) generation, can be involved. The possible use of mfERG as subclinical retinal damage indicator has a potential utility in clinical practice for the follow-up of NF1 patients.
File allegati a questo prodotto
File Dimensione Formato  
Moramarco_Neuroretinal dysfunction_2022.pdf

accesso aperto

Note: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9091878/
Tipologia: Versione editoriale (versione pubblicata con il layout dell'editore)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.67 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.67 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri PDF

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11573/1636692
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact