Gender-sex differences in autoimmune diseases are gaining increasing attention due to their effects on prevalence and clinical features. Data on gender-sex differences in autoimmune atrophic gastritis (AAG), a chronic not-self-limiting inflammatory condition characterized by corpus-oxyntic mucosa atrophy sparing the antrum, are lacking. This study aimed to assess possible gender-sex differences of clinical, serological, histological, and genetic features in AAG patients. Cross-sectional study on 435 patients with histological-AAG, stratified according to female-male gender. In subsets of patients, serum gastric-autoantibodies against intrinsic-factor (IFA) and parietal-cells (PCA) by luminescent-immunoprecipitation-system (LIPS) (n = 81) and of HLA-DRB1-genotyping (n = 89) were available and stratified according to sex. Female AAG-patients were preponderant: 69.2%vs30.8%, P < 0.0001(ratio 2.2:1). Females were more frequently PCA and/or IFA-positive than males (90.9%vs73.1%, P = 0.0361). HLA-DRB1*06-alleles were significantly more frequent in females [30%vs4%, P = 0.01, OR 10.1(95%CI 1.3–80.4); HLA-DRB1*04-alleles were more frequent and HLA-DRB1*03 and *05-alleles less frequent in females without reaching statistical significance. At logistic regression, iron-deficiency-anemia [OR 3.6(95%CI 1.9–7.0)], body-mass-index <25m2/kg [OR 3.1(95%CI 1.7–5.6)], autoimmune-thyroid-disease [OR 2.5(95%CI 1.4–4.5), and dyspepsia [OR 2.4(95%CI 1.4–4.3) were significantly associated to females. Body-mass-index>25m2/kg [OR 3.2(95%CI1.8–5.6)], absence of autoimmune-thyroid-disease [OR 2.3(95%CI 1.3–4.2)] and dyspepsia [OR 2.1(95%CI 1.2–3.7)], smoking habit [OR 1.8(95%CI 1.1–3.1)], and pernicious-anemia [OR 1.7(95%CI 1.0–3.0)], were significantly associated to males. AAG was preponderant in women who showed stronger autoimmune serological responsiveness and different HLA-DRB1 association. AAG showed differential clinical profiles in female and male patients occurring mainly in normal weight, dyspeptic women with iron-deficiency anemia and autoimmune thyroid disease, but in overweight male smokers with pernicious anemia. Stratification for sex and gender should be considered in future genetic, immunological, and clinical studies on autoimmune atrophic gastritis.

Gender-sex differences in autoimmune atrophic gastritis / Lahner, Edith; Dilaghi, Emanuele; Cingolani, Sophia; Pivetta, Giulia; Dottori, Ludovica; Esposito, Gianluca; Marzinotto, Ilaria; Lampasona, Vito; Buzzetti, Raffaella; Annibale, Bruno. - In: TRANSLATIONAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1931-5244. - S1931-5244(22)00088-3:(2022), pp. 1-10. [10.1016/j.trsl.2022.04.006]

Gender-sex differences in autoimmune atrophic gastritis

Lahner, Edith
;
Dilaghi, Emanuele;Cingolani, Sophia;Pivetta, Giulia;Dottori, Ludovica;Esposito, Gianluca;Buzzetti, Raffaella;Annibale, Bruno
2022

Abstract

Gender-sex differences in autoimmune diseases are gaining increasing attention due to their effects on prevalence and clinical features. Data on gender-sex differences in autoimmune atrophic gastritis (AAG), a chronic not-self-limiting inflammatory condition characterized by corpus-oxyntic mucosa atrophy sparing the antrum, are lacking. This study aimed to assess possible gender-sex differences of clinical, serological, histological, and genetic features in AAG patients. Cross-sectional study on 435 patients with histological-AAG, stratified according to female-male gender. In subsets of patients, serum gastric-autoantibodies against intrinsic-factor (IFA) and parietal-cells (PCA) by luminescent-immunoprecipitation-system (LIPS) (n = 81) and of HLA-DRB1-genotyping (n = 89) were available and stratified according to sex. Female AAG-patients were preponderant: 69.2%vs30.8%, P < 0.0001(ratio 2.2:1). Females were more frequently PCA and/or IFA-positive than males (90.9%vs73.1%, P = 0.0361). HLA-DRB1*06-alleles were significantly more frequent in females [30%vs4%, P = 0.01, OR 10.1(95%CI 1.3–80.4); HLA-DRB1*04-alleles were more frequent and HLA-DRB1*03 and *05-alleles less frequent in females without reaching statistical significance. At logistic regression, iron-deficiency-anemia [OR 3.6(95%CI 1.9–7.0)], body-mass-index <25m2/kg [OR 3.1(95%CI 1.7–5.6)], autoimmune-thyroid-disease [OR 2.5(95%CI 1.4–4.5), and dyspepsia [OR 2.4(95%CI 1.4–4.3) were significantly associated to females. Body-mass-index>25m2/kg [OR 3.2(95%CI1.8–5.6)], absence of autoimmune-thyroid-disease [OR 2.3(95%CI 1.3–4.2)] and dyspepsia [OR 2.1(95%CI 1.2–3.7)], smoking habit [OR 1.8(95%CI 1.1–3.1)], and pernicious-anemia [OR 1.7(95%CI 1.0–3.0)], were significantly associated to males. AAG was preponderant in women who showed stronger autoimmune serological responsiveness and different HLA-DRB1 association. AAG showed differential clinical profiles in female and male patients occurring mainly in normal weight, dyspeptic women with iron-deficiency anemia and autoimmune thyroid disease, but in overweight male smokers with pernicious anemia. Stratification for sex and gender should be considered in future genetic, immunological, and clinical studies on autoimmune atrophic gastritis.
2022
atrophic gastritis; gender; autoimmunity; autoimmune atrophic gastritis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Gender-sex differences in autoimmune atrophic gastritis / Lahner, Edith; Dilaghi, Emanuele; Cingolani, Sophia; Pivetta, Giulia; Dottori, Ludovica; Esposito, Gianluca; Marzinotto, Ilaria; Lampasona, Vito; Buzzetti, Raffaella; Annibale, Bruno. - In: TRANSLATIONAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1931-5244. - S1931-5244(22)00088-3:(2022), pp. 1-10. [10.1016/j.trsl.2022.04.006]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1636568
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