Objective: Otolaryngology diseases are common among people experiencing homelessness; however, they are seldom evaluated in a specialist setting, and investigations on their prevalence have rarely been conducted. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the prevalence of otolaryngology conditions in an urban homeless population. Study Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Primary health care facility. Methods: The clinical records of patients referred to the medical facilities of the Primary Care Services of the Eleemosynaria Apostolica, Vatican City, between October 1, 2019, and July 31, 2021, were retrospectively reviewed; those reporting at least 1 otolaryngology disease were included in the study. Results: A total of 2516 records were retrospectively reviewed, and 484 (19.24%) were included in the study. The most common otolaryngology disease was pharyngotonsillitis (n = 118, 24.13%), followed by rhinitis with nasal obstruction (n = 107, 21.88%), hearing loss (n = 93, 19.01%), otitis (n = 81, 16.56%), abscess (n = 46, 9.40%), and sinusitis (n = 33, 6.74%). Head and neck cancer or precancerous lesions were reported in 34 subjects (7.02%). More than 1 simultaneous otolaryngology disorder was found in nearly 50% of our sample. A wide range of comorbidities was also reported. Conclusions: Our results confirm an elevated otolaryngology demand in the homeless population and encourage the development of more efficient and effective strategies for a population-tailored diagnosis and treatment of these conditions.

Prevalence of otolaryngology diseases in an urban homeless population / Ralli, M.; Marinelli, A.; De-Giorgio, F.; Crescenzi, D.; Vincentiis, M.; Greco, A.; Arcangeli, A.; Ercoli, L.. - In: OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY. - ISSN 0194-5998. - (2021). [10.1177/01945998211060699]

Prevalence of otolaryngology diseases in an urban homeless population

Ralli M.
Primo
;
Marinelli A.
Secondo
;
Vincentiis M.;Greco A.;
2021

Abstract

Objective: Otolaryngology diseases are common among people experiencing homelessness; however, they are seldom evaluated in a specialist setting, and investigations on their prevalence have rarely been conducted. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the prevalence of otolaryngology conditions in an urban homeless population. Study Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Primary health care facility. Methods: The clinical records of patients referred to the medical facilities of the Primary Care Services of the Eleemosynaria Apostolica, Vatican City, between October 1, 2019, and July 31, 2021, were retrospectively reviewed; those reporting at least 1 otolaryngology disease were included in the study. Results: A total of 2516 records were retrospectively reviewed, and 484 (19.24%) were included in the study. The most common otolaryngology disease was pharyngotonsillitis (n = 118, 24.13%), followed by rhinitis with nasal obstruction (n = 107, 21.88%), hearing loss (n = 93, 19.01%), otitis (n = 81, 16.56%), abscess (n = 46, 9.40%), and sinusitis (n = 33, 6.74%). Head and neck cancer or precancerous lesions were reported in 34 subjects (7.02%). More than 1 simultaneous otolaryngology disorder was found in nearly 50% of our sample. A wide range of comorbidities was also reported. Conclusions: Our results confirm an elevated otolaryngology demand in the homeless population and encourage the development of more efficient and effective strategies for a population-tailored diagnosis and treatment of these conditions.
2021
fragile populations; head and neck surgery; homelessness; otolaryngology
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Prevalence of otolaryngology diseases in an urban homeless population / Ralli, M.; Marinelli, A.; De-Giorgio, F.; Crescenzi, D.; Vincentiis, M.; Greco, A.; Arcangeli, A.; Ercoli, L.. - In: OTOLARYNGOLOGY-HEAD AND NECK SURGERY. - ISSN 0194-5998. - (2021). [10.1177/01945998211060699]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1635979
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