This paper presents an innovative anti-seismic device for controlling the out-of-plane rocking motion of masonry walls with traditional tie-rods, called LInear COntrolled Rocking Device (LICORD). LICORD is a low-impact box connected to the extremity of the traditional tie-rod designed to mitigate rocking for medium–high intensity earthquakes. Additionally, the paper widens the knowledge about the dynamic behavior of rocking walls through the interpretation of the results of an extensive experimental campaign performed on masonry specimens composed by clay brick and cementitious mortar. Firstly, the LICORD’s single components are tested to identify their stiffness and damping properties. Secondly, free vibration tests provide actual values of coefficients of restitution on free-standing walls and walls restrained by LICORD, where the walls vary for the height to thickness ratio. For the stockier wall, the ratio of experimental/analytical coefficient of restitution varies from 88 to 98%, whereas for the slender wall, the results are less scattered, with a minimum value of 95% and a maximum value of 96%. The restrained walls are characterized by coefficients of restitution from 5 to 25% less than the values found for unrestrained walls, depending on the equivalent viscous coefficient of the shock absorbers. Moreover, LICORD demonstrated to properly absorb and damp the oscillations of the wall and control its rocking motion, strongly reducing the number of impacts and the rotation amplitudes up to 70%. Considerations about the effect of one-sided motion on the assessment of coefficient of restitution are also given. The equivalent viscous damping coefficients are observed to be on the range 4% (unrestrained wall) and 7–20% for walls restrained by LICORD.

Experimental estimation of energy dissipation in rocking masonry walls restrained by an innovative seismic dissipator (LICORD) / Giresini, L.; Solarino, F.; Taddei, F.; Mueller, G.. - In: BULLETIN OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1570-761X. - 19:5(2021), pp. 2265-2289. [10.1007/s10518-021-01056-6]

Experimental estimation of energy dissipation in rocking masonry walls restrained by an innovative seismic dissipator (LICORD)

Giresini L.;
2021

Abstract

This paper presents an innovative anti-seismic device for controlling the out-of-plane rocking motion of masonry walls with traditional tie-rods, called LInear COntrolled Rocking Device (LICORD). LICORD is a low-impact box connected to the extremity of the traditional tie-rod designed to mitigate rocking for medium–high intensity earthquakes. Additionally, the paper widens the knowledge about the dynamic behavior of rocking walls through the interpretation of the results of an extensive experimental campaign performed on masonry specimens composed by clay brick and cementitious mortar. Firstly, the LICORD’s single components are tested to identify their stiffness and damping properties. Secondly, free vibration tests provide actual values of coefficients of restitution on free-standing walls and walls restrained by LICORD, where the walls vary for the height to thickness ratio. For the stockier wall, the ratio of experimental/analytical coefficient of restitution varies from 88 to 98%, whereas for the slender wall, the results are less scattered, with a minimum value of 95% and a maximum value of 96%. The restrained walls are characterized by coefficients of restitution from 5 to 25% less than the values found for unrestrained walls, depending on the equivalent viscous coefficient of the shock absorbers. Moreover, LICORD demonstrated to properly absorb and damp the oscillations of the wall and control its rocking motion, strongly reducing the number of impacts and the rotation amplitudes up to 70%. Considerations about the effect of one-sided motion on the assessment of coefficient of restitution are also given. The equivalent viscous damping coefficients are observed to be on the range 4% (unrestrained wall) and 7–20% for walls restrained by LICORD.
2021
Coefficient of restitution; Damping coefficient; Damping ratio; Dissipator; Masonry; Out-of-plane; Rigid block; Rocking control; Shock absorber
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01a Articolo in rivista
Experimental estimation of energy dissipation in rocking masonry walls restrained by an innovative seismic dissipator (LICORD) / Giresini, L.; Solarino, F.; Taddei, F.; Mueller, G.. - In: BULLETIN OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING. - ISSN 1570-761X. - 19:5(2021), pp. 2265-2289. [10.1007/s10518-021-01056-6]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1635945
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