Chronic venous disorders (CVD) of the lower limbs can be treated with different strategies. Typically, conservative management is based on compression therapy, anticoagulants and venoactive drugs. Endovenous treatments remain the gold standard to treat saphenous insufficiency, with sclerotherapy and surgery maintaining a role in selected cases. In addition, several ‘unconventional’ approaches have been proposed to prevent CVD progression and complications, minimize symptoms and improve the quality of life and postoperative outcomes. Among these, balneotherapy and aquatic exercises are proving as valid and effective supporting treatments, as mentioned in a growing number of scientific publications. Moreover, aquatic protocols have been studied for both venous and lymphatic insufficiency. For these reasons, they were mentioned in the last CVD guidelines provided by the European Society for Vascular Surgery. The aim of this narrative review is to overview and summarize current literature evidences on the role and effectiveness of aquatic rehabilitative protocols in CVD, reviewing old and current literature. Furthermore, the physical basis of the effects of water immersion on lower limb venous and tissues modifications are also described.

Revisione della letteratura in merito alla riabilitazione in acqua delle malattie venose

Rationale and current evidence of aquatic exercise therapy in venous disease: a narrative review / Bissacco, Daniele; Mosti, Giovanni; D'Oria, Mario; Lomazzi, Chiara; Casana, Renato; Morrison, Nick; Caggiati, Alberto. - In: VASCULAR. - ISSN 1708-5381. - 31:5(2023), pp. 1026-1034. [10.1177/17085381221102783]

Rationale and current evidence of aquatic exercise therapy in venous disease: a narrative review

Alberto Caggiati
Membro del Collaboration Group
2023

Abstract

Chronic venous disorders (CVD) of the lower limbs can be treated with different strategies. Typically, conservative management is based on compression therapy, anticoagulants and venoactive drugs. Endovenous treatments remain the gold standard to treat saphenous insufficiency, with sclerotherapy and surgery maintaining a role in selected cases. In addition, several ‘unconventional’ approaches have been proposed to prevent CVD progression and complications, minimize symptoms and improve the quality of life and postoperative outcomes. Among these, balneotherapy and aquatic exercises are proving as valid and effective supporting treatments, as mentioned in a growing number of scientific publications. Moreover, aquatic protocols have been studied for both venous and lymphatic insufficiency. For these reasons, they were mentioned in the last CVD guidelines provided by the European Society for Vascular Surgery. The aim of this narrative review is to overview and summarize current literature evidences on the role and effectiveness of aquatic rehabilitative protocols in CVD, reviewing old and current literature. Furthermore, the physical basis of the effects of water immersion on lower limb venous and tissues modifications are also described.
2023
Revisione della letteratura in merito alla riabilitazione in acqua delle malattie venose
venous return immersion; chronic venous disease; balneotherapy; aquatic protocol; varicose veins; venous thrombosis
01 Pubblicazione su rivista::01g Articolo di rassegna (Review)
Rationale and current evidence of aquatic exercise therapy in venous disease: a narrative review / Bissacco, Daniele; Mosti, Giovanni; D'Oria, Mario; Lomazzi, Chiara; Casana, Renato; Morrison, Nick; Caggiati, Alberto. - In: VASCULAR. - ISSN 1708-5381. - 31:5(2023), pp. 1026-1034. [10.1177/17085381221102783]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11573/1635080
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